Abstract 17127: Sports-Related Sudden Cardiac Arrest: Comparison of Survival Outcomes in Europe versus the United States
Background: Sports-related sudden cardiac arrest (sport SCA) has always attracted attention and the United States and European Union have developed divergent strategies for prevention over the last decade; notably regarding screening of younger athletes but also for SCA prevention in middle-aged and senior individuals. In this context, the extent to which outcomes of sports SCA differ between Europe and the USA have not been characterized.
Methods: SCA cases aged 15-75 years were identified in two large prospective, population-based SCA programs, one in the Paris region (Paris-SDEC) and the other in a Northwestern US metro region (Oregon-SUDS) between 2002 and 2012. Cases of SCA, occurring during sports activity were compared between the two regions.
Results: Of the 7,357 cases studied, 290 (4%) occurred during sports, with very similar proportions in both regions: 86 out of 1,894 (4.5%) in Oregon and 204 out of 5,463 (3.8%) in Paris. Subjects’ characteristics of cases in both programs were very similar (Paris vs. Oregon, respectively, for all results following), regarding age (50.7±14 vs. 50.4±13 years, P=0.55), male proportion (94%vs. 92%, P=0.53), past medical history of ≥2 cardiovascular risk factors (16% vs. 23%, P=0.16) and/or heart disease (10% vs. 8%, P=0.55). There was a high proportion of witnessed events in both populations (89% vs. 90%, P=0.94). However, we observed significant differences with more bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Paris (63% vs. 48%, P=0.02), faster response time in Oregon (8.3±6 vs. 6.9±4 min, P=0.05), and more initially shockable rhythms in Oregon (52% vs. 70%, P=0.006). Overall, resuscitation outcomes were very similar for return of spontaneous circulation (26% vs. 33%, P=0.21) and survival to hospital discharge (27% vs. 26%, P=0.80).
Conclusions: On either side of the Atlantic, burden and characteristics of sports-related SCA are very similar. Survival rates are approximately one in four cases. Optimizing bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation rates and emergency response times could further improve outcomes. Deployment of uniform, effective strategies for screening and prevention are likely to make the greatest impact on sports SCA.
Author Disclosures: E. Marijon: None. A. Uy-Evanado: None. F. Dumas: None. C. Teodeorescu: None. K. Reinier: None. K. Narayanan: None. W. Bougouin: None. L. Lamhaut: None. D. Jost: None. G. Pochmalicki: None. K. Gunson: None. J. Jui: None. D.S. Celermajer: None. X. Jouven: None. S.S. Chugh: Research Grant; Significant; NIH.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.