Abstract 17042: Surgery and Outcomes for Transposition of the Great Arteries among Developing World Congenital Heart Surgery Programs: a Report from the International Quality Improvement Collaborative
Objectives: Surgical care for CHD in the developing world is rapidly evolving, allowing an opportunity for survival for children with previously lethal conditions. Little information is available about such patients and their outcomes. The objectives of this study were to identify (1) patient characteristics, (2) surgical interventions, (3) institutional characteristics, and (4) risk factors for mortality among patients in the International Quality Improvement Collaborative (IQIC) undergoing surgery for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) with intact ventricular septum (IVS) and TGA with ventricular septal defect (VSD).
Methods: We utilized a novel international collaborative database collected by developing world congenital heart surgical programs as part of a QI project. All TGA (IVS and VSD) cases from 2010-2012 were included. Demographic, surgical and institutional characteristics and their associations with in-hospital mortality were identified.
Results: There were 559 patients at 21 centers who underwent surgery for TGA: 348 TGA/IVS and 211 TGA/VSD. TGA/IVS patients underwent arterial switch operation (ASO), 282 (81%); 2-stage ASO, 24 (7%); and atrial switch (ATS) 42, (12%). TGA/VSD patients underwent ASO, 169 (80%); 2-stage ASO, 19 (9%); and ATS, 23 (11%); all with VSD closure. In-hospital mortality ranged from 10% to 25% depending on procedure (Figure). Unadjusted mortality rates were higher among centers performing <10 TGA repairs yearly (OR 3.98; 95% CI 2.08-7.60, p<0.001). Among patients with TGA/IVS who underwent primary ASO, risk factors for mortality included male gender (p=0.05), weight <3 kg (p=0.04), and prematurity (p=0.007).
Conclusions: Infants with TGA in the developing world increasingly have access to complex surgical repairs, and the majority of such patients undergo single-stage ASO. Mortality remains substantial; however, multi-center collaborative QI efforts are likely to benefit these patients.
Author Disclosures: D.N. Schidlow: None. K.J. Jenkins: None. K. Gauvreau: None. U.A. Croti: None. D. Giang: None. N.F. Sandoval: None. R.K. Konda: None. A. Castaneda: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.