Abstract 16807: Burden and Timing of Hospitalizations in Heart Failure: A Community Study
Background: Heart failure (HF) patients are experiencing an epidemic of hospitalizations. Nevertheless, data on the frequency and distribution of hospitalizations over the course of the disease are lacking.
Methods: We determined the rates of hospitalizations during periods of follow-up in Olmsted County, MN residents with incident HF from 2000-2010. HF was identified using ICD-9 code 428 and validated by the Framingham criteria. All hospitalizations were obtained for the 2 years following incident HF and each was categorized as due to HF, other cardiovascular (ICD-9 codes 390-427, 429-459), or non-cardiovascular causes. Follow-up was divided into discrete time periods (epochs): 0-30, 31-182, 183-365, and 366-730 days. Negative binomial regression examined associations between epochs of follow-up time and hospitalizations.
Results: Among 1702 incident HF patients (mean age 76, 44% male), 1143 (67%) were hospitalized at index. Over the 2 year follow-up, 3008 hospitalizations were observed among 1136 patients, and 351 patients were hospitalized within 30 days of incident HF (median time from HF to hospitalization: 11 days). The majority of hospitalizations were due to non-cardiovascular causes (63% vs. 14% HF, 23% other cardiovascular); however, a larger proportion of HF and other cardiovascular hospitalizations were observed within the first 30 days (52% non-cardiovascular, 18% HF, 30% other cardiovascular) compared to the other time periods. The rate of hospitalization was highest within the first 30 days and was similar across sex, presentation of incident HF (inpatient, outpatient), and type of HF (preserved (≥50%), reduced (<50%) ejection fraction) (Table).
Conclusions: HF patients experience high rates of hospitalizations, particularly within the first 30 days, and the majority of hospitalizations are for non-cardiovascular causes. Continued efforts to manage comorbid conditions and reduce hospitalizations in HF patients are needed.
Author Disclosures: A.M. Chamberlain: None. Y. Gerber: None. S.M. Dunlay: None. S.M. Manemann: None. S.A. Weston: None. V.L. Roger: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.