Abstract 16775: Body Mass Index Predicts Exercise Capacity in Patients With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Introduction: Impaired peak VO2 and obesity are known predictors of morbidity and mortality in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM). The purpose of this study is to determine the degree of exercise impairment due to excess weight in patients with HCM.
Methods: Adult HCM patients who underwent cardiopulmonary treadmill testing at our tertiary referral center from 2006 - 2012 and had consented to research participation were identified retrospectively. Percent predicted peak VO2 was calculated by the Astrand formula for men and the Jones formula for women which adjust for age and gender. Baseline echocardiographic features obtained within 1 week of exercise testing and % predicted peak VO2 were compared among four groups of patients stratified by body mass index (BMI).
Results: 510 patients were identified, with a mean age at diagnosis of 44.3 ± 16.1 years, 186 (36.5%) female. Mean BMI at the time of cardiopulmonary exercise testing was 29.7 ± 5.3 and 227 (44.6%) patients had a BMI ≥ 30. Overweight and obese patients were older and were more likely to be male than their normal weight peers. However, there was no significant difference in ejection fraction (EF), resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), or septal thickness among the groups. HCM patients show impaired peak VO2 across all BMI groups. While peak VO2 increased progressively across BMI groups consistent with greater O2 demand generated by higher body weight, the adjusted peak VO2 in mL/kg/min fell progressively, indicating progressively greater performance impairment with increasing BMI despite similar degrees of cardiac impairment (p <0.0001) (Table 1).
Conclusion: Increased BMI is associated with reduced exercise performance in a graded manner in HCM patients independent of cardiac impairment identified on echocardiography.
Author Disclosures: C.A. Ball: None. C.M. Larsen: None. V. Hebl: None. J.B. Geske: None. K.C. Ong: None. K.C. Siontis: None. T.P. Olson: None. S.R. Ommen: None. T.G. Allison: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.