Abstract 16708: Cathelicidin Related Antimicrobial Peptide Treated Bone Marrow Derived Mononuclear Cells Improves Cardiac Function in a Mouse Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction: Potential Therapeutic Targets in Ischemic Heart Disease
Introduction: Limited stem cell retention following intracoronary administration for ischemic heart disease has reduced the clinical efficacy of this novel therapy. Cathelicidins have been shown to prime BMMNC migration towards low gradients of SDF-1 suggesting a potential role in BMMNC retention. We sought to assess the safety and efficacy of BMMNC pre-treatment with CRAMP for treatment of acute ischemic heart disease.
METHODS: BMMNCs isolated from GFP mice were incubated with recombinant CRAMP (2.5 μg/ml) or placebo for 1 hour followed by chemotaxis studies towards low levels of SDF-1 (2 ng/ml) using a Boyden chamber in vitro. During the in vivo studies, mice were randomized into 3 groups: AMI followed by injection of phosphate buffered saline (PBS), BMMNCs alone, or BMMNCs incubated with CRAMP. Scar size, survival and retention of injected BMNNCs were examined by immunohistochemistry at 5 weeks. Left ventricular function was measured by echocardiography at baseline, 48 hours, and 5 weeks after MI. Changes in infarct size between 5 days and 5 weeks after AMI was assessed by cardiac MRI utilizing delayed gadolinium enhancement.
RESULTS: Treatment of BMNNCs with CRAMP enhanced their migration towards low, yet physiological, levels of SDF-1 (Fig 1A). In vivo, a greater proportion of cell survival and retention was observed in the BMNNC+CRAMP group than in the BMNNC-alone group (Fig 1B) and this was associated with higher percentage of BrdU positive cells (Fig 1C). Moreover, BMNNC+CRAMP administration led to significantly better survival, improvement of cardiac function (Fig 1D-H) and reduction in infarct size compared with other control groups (Fig 1I).
CONCLUSIONS: Cathelicidins enhance BMMNC retention after intramyocardial administration for acute ischemic heart disease resulting in enhanced recovery. Therapies employing this strategy may represent an effective method for improving cardiac recovery and survival rate after AMI in human studies.
Author Disclosures: Y.M. Klyachkin: None. P.R. Nagareddy: None. A. Asfour: None. S. Ye: None. E. Gao: None. R.V. Annabathula: None. A. Abdel-Latif: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.