Abstract 16683: Reduced Lung Function is Associated With Decreased Ejection Fraction and Decreased Left Ventricular Size in Patients in a Tertiary Care Center
Background: Pulmonary disease has been associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes including heart failure; yet, the relationship between measures of obstructive and restrictive lung disease as defined on pulmonary function testing (PFT) and left ventricular size and function remains unknown. The objective of this study is to determine the correlation between forced expiratory volume/1 sec (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and FEV1/FVC with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), internal diastolic diameter (LVIDD), and internal systolic dimension (LVISD) as measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE).
Methods: We selected patients who underwent both TTE and PFT within 7 days from January 2012 to April 2013. We examined for bivariate relationships by using Pearson’s correlation coefficient to determine associations between pre-bronchodilator FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC and the following TTE measures: LVEF,LVIDD, and LVISD. Multivariable regression analysis was used to adjust for age and sex.
Results: We identified 2238 patients who had TTE and PFT within 7 days. After adjusting for age and sex, FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC were positively correlated with LVEF and LVIDD. Every 100 cc reduction in FVC or 90 cc reduction in FEV1 was associated with a 5% decrease in LVEF (95% CI 0.079- 0.128, 0.068- 0.109). Moreover, a 200 cc reduction in FEV1 or 220 cc reduction in FVC was associated with a 1 cm decrease in LVIDD (95% CI 0.152- 0.247, 0.165- 0.282,). These correlations remained significant when percent predicted instead of absolute FEV1 and FVC were evaluated.
Conclusion: Abnormal lung function is associated with reduced LV function without corresponding increases in ventricular size. These findings suggest that the association between pulmonary disease and heart failure may not depend on adverse ventricular remodeling and requires further study.
Author Disclosures: M.S. Burroughs Pena: None. M. Durheim: None. P. Schulte: None. P. Kussin: None. W. Checkley: None. E.J. Velazquez: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.