Abstract 16668: The Effects of Dabigatran on Fibrin Network Structure and Lysis: A Simple Technique to Monitor Efficacy of Treatment?
Background: Thrombus formation represent the final step in the atherothrombotic process and occurs secondary to a complex interaction between platelets and coagulation factors. Increased platelet reactivity and enhanced clot formation can both determine predisposition to vascular events. Direct platelet inhibition by modern antiplatelet therapy is now effective at controlling the cellular component of coagulation but the fibrin network is not generally targeted in arterial disease. Our aim was to investigate the effects of dabigatran on fibrin network characteristics in individuals dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT).
Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study conducted in 30 patients on maintenance (at least 30 days) DAPT with aspirin (81mg/day) and clopidogrel (75mg/day). Patients were randomized to receive either dabigatran 150mg bid or matching placebo for 7 days. Fibrin clot properties were studied using a validated turbidimetric assay and the following parameters were recorded: lag phase and time to full clot formation, both of which measure clotting potential; clot maximum absorbance, representing fibrin network density and fibre thickness; clot lysis time to assess fibrinolytic efficiency.
Results: Dabigatran treatment was associated with an increase in lag phase, compared with baseline, of 1013±167 sec , whereas no difference was detected in placebo treated patients (-17±14 sec, p<0.001 for dabigatran vs placebo). Similar results were obtained for clot formation time with an increase of 240±37 sec in dabigatran treated patients with no change following placebo treatment (-24±18 sec; p<0.001 comparing the two groups). The change in clot maximum absorbance after dabigatran and placebo treatment showed no differences (-0.02±0.01 and 0.00±0.01 au, respectively; p=0.2) and clot lysis time was similar.
Conclusions: In patients on DAPT with aspirin and clopidogrel, additional treatment with dabigatran delays fibrin clot formation without affecting fibrinolysis. Therefore, triple therapy with dabigatran may be one option to reduce thrombosis potential in high risk individuals. Moreover, our assay, which can be conducted on stored samples, offers the opportunity to monitor response to dabigatran therapy.
Author Disclosures: F. Franchi: None. R. King: None. F. Phoenix: None. F. Rollini: None. J. Cho: None. M. Bhatti: None. C. DeGroat: None. A. Tello-Montoliu: None. V. Duarte: None. E. Thano: None. G. Faz: None. M.M. Zenni: None. L.A. Guzman: None. T.A. Bass: None. D.J. Angiolillo: Research Grant; Significant; Bristol Myers Squibb, Sanofi-Aventis, Glaxo Smith Kline, Otsuka, Eli Lilly, Daiichi Sankyo, The Medicines Company, AstraZeneca, Evolva, and Gilead. Honoraria; Significant; Bristol Myers Squibb, Sanofi-Aventis, Eli Lilly, Daiichi Sankyo, The Medicines Company, AstraZeneca, Merck, Evolva, Abbott Vascular, Bayer, and PLx Pharma. Consultant/Advisory Board; Significant; Johnson & Johnson, St. Jude, Sunovion, and CeloNova. R. Ajjan: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.