Abstract 16626: Digital Health Interventions Improves Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Reduces Rehospitalizations After Usual Cardiac Rehabilitation
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity/mortality in the US. Despite being a class 1A evidence-based recommendation, secondary prevention efforts in the period following cardiac rehabilitation (CR) lack a proven and successful intervention. A previously validated digital health intervention (DHI) delivered Mayo Clinic’s CR, including educational material, tracking CVD indices, and diet/exercise adherence, for 3 months after usual CR.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized DHI use would improve CVD risk factors and rehospitalizations/ emergency department (ED) visits.
Methods: Patients undergoing usual Mayo Clinic CR were recruited to use the application following usual CR (n=17) and compared to a similar cohort undergoing standard post-CR care, but not assigned to the application (n=11). DHI patients performed daily informational tasks, entered their own risk factor information (weight, blood pressure (BP), glucose, lipids, physical activity, and diet) at baseline and for three months post-CR. Changes in risk factors, re-hospitalizations/ED visits were assessed after three months.
Results: There were no differences in baseline demographics between the two groups. There was no difference in weight change between the two groups during the three months of usual CR, yet in the three months following usual CR the DHI group had significant reductions in weight (-2.5±3.8 kg, p=0.04) and systolic BP (-12.6±12.4 mmHg, p=0.001) compared to the control group. The DHI group also showed significantly lower rate of rehospitalizations/ED visits (-28%, p=0.04, Figure).
Conclusions: A DHI post-CR program can enhance secondary prevention strategies compared to standard post-CR care by augmenting weight and BP reduction and reducing the healthcare burden of repeat CVD events. This study thus supports development and implementation of DHI programs.
- Cardiac rehabilitation
- Patient education/teaching psychosocial aspects
- Self monitoring
- Cardiovascular disease prevention
Author Disclosures: R.J. Widmer: None. T. Allison: None. L. Lerman: None. A. Lerman: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.