Abstract 16608: Building of a Right Ventricular Conduit in Native Outflow Tract in Preparation of Edwards Sapien Valve Implantation
Background: Percutaneous valve implantation (PPVI) is now considered feasible and safe especially in patients with conduit between the right ventricle and the pulmonary arteries. However there are still no clear indications on valvolization in native outflow tract (RVOT), traditionally considered at risk because of the dynamic characteristics of the RVOT
Aim: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of building a percutaneous conduit using a stent in the native RVOT before valve implant performing PPVI two months after stent implant, on the basis of previous animal studies, where endotelitation of the stent was shown to be reached within 60 days.
Methods: From October 2010 to April 2014, 19 pts, with tetralogy of Fallot, (mean age 15 ± 6 yrs) previously corrected by transannular patch technique, underwent a cardiac catheterization in order to build a stent-conduit in the native RVOT. After a complete right catheterization a balloon was inserted through a long sheath in the RVOT. During the inflation of the balloon a right ventricular angiography and a left coronary artery angiography are performed. In the presence of a complete occlusion of the RVOT and no coronary compression, a stent was deployed in the RVOT. Two months later an Edwards Sapien Pulmonary valve was implanted.
Results: Twenty two stents were implanted in 19 pts. The mean time of the procedures was 185 ± 89 min with a mean fluoroscopy time of 72 ± 33 min. Two main complications occurred: in 1 pt the stent partially occluded the right pulmonary artery and in a second pt the stent was dislocated in RVOT. In both cases the patients were treated surgically. In all other patients the procedure was successful and patients were discharged home two days later, on Aspirin therapy. The correct position of the stent was confirmed at the 1 month of follow-up by echocardiographic examination. Among the 19 pts , 152 underwent implantation of Edwards Sapien Pulmonary Valve, two months later. No complications occurred during the procedure and during the FU. Two patients are still waiting PPVI procedure
Conclusions: A two-step procedure approach increases the safety of PPVI with no impact on clinical conditions or complications
Author Disclosures: M. Gagliardi: None. M. Pilati: None. A. Cristofaletti: None. S. Giannico: None. A. Secinaro: None. G. Pongiglione: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.