Abstract 16584: Abnormal Right Ventricular Strain by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Preclinical Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy
Introduction: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by regional wall motion abnormalities of the right ventricle (RV) that have not previously been quantified, resulting in challenges / errors in diagnosis of the disease. RV strain is poorly assessed with tagged cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) due to the thin RV wall. We applied novel feature tracking analysis to assess RV strain in patients with ARVC.
Methods: 106 subjects (30 controls, 37 preclinical ARVC [mutation+], and 39 overt ARVC [mutation+, Task Force+] patients) underwent 4 chamber and axial cine imaging using SSFP sequences. The RV was divided into subtricuspid (ST), anterior wall (AW), and apical (Ap) regions. Each region was analyzed to determine peak longitudinal strain and strain-rate using Multimodality Tissue Tracking (MTT) software (MTT Version 6.0.4725, Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation, Tokyo, Japan).
Results: Average age was 33.6 ± 16.1 years (48.2% women); there were no differences between groups. In the 4 chamber view, mean global and segmental strain and strain rates decreased in magnitude from control (-37.7% ± 11.2) to preclinical (-32.2% ± 11.5) to overt ARVC (mean -22.2% ± 11.9). Differences between groups most pronounced in the subtricuspid segment, and reached statistical significance between overt ARVC and both control and preclinical ARVC (p < 0.01). A similar trend was observed in longitudinal strain measured in the axial view, but these trends were inconsistent; statistical significance was met globally, but most individual segments did not reach statistical significance.
Conclusions: Longitudinal RV strain as measured by CMR feature tracking in ARVC appears able to quantify wall motion abnormalities in overt ARVC, as well as define subtle abnormalities in patients with preclinical ARVC.
Author Disclosures: D. Vigneault: None. A.S. te Riele: None. C.A. James: None. S.L. Zimmerman: None. H. Calkins: None. H. Tandri: None. D.A. Bluemke: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.