Abstract 16485: The Nitroxyl Donor 1-Nitrosocyclohexyl Acetate Limits Cardiac Superoxide Upregulation and Diastolic Dysfunction in a Mouse Model of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
Nitroxyl (HNO), a redox congener of NO•, is a novel regulator of cardiovascular function combining vasodilator and positive inotropic properties. Our previous studies have demonstrated these properties occur concomitantly in the intact heart; HNO moreover also exhibits antihypertrophic and superoxide-suppressing actions. HNO donors may thus offer favorable actions in heart failure. The impact of chronic HNO donor administration has however yet to be reported in this context. We tested the hypothesis that the HNO donor 1-nitrosocyclohexyl acetate (1-NCA) limits cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in a mouse model of diabetic cardiomyopathy in vivo. Male 6 week-old FVB/N mice received either streptozotocin (55 mg/kg/day i.p. for 5 days, n=17), to induce type 1 diabetes, or citrate vehicle (n=16). After 4 weeks of hyperglycemia, mice were allocated to 1-NCA therapy (83mg/kg/day i.p.) or vehicle, and followed for a further 4 weeks. As shown in the table, blood glucose was unaffected by 1-NCA. LV diastolic dysfunction was evident in diabetic mice, measured as echocardiography-derived A wave velocity, deceleration time and E:A ratio; LV systolic function was preserved. Diabetes-induced diastolic dysfunction was accompanied by increased LV cardiomyocyte size, hypertrophic and pro-fibrotic gene expression, and upregulation of LV superoxide. These characteristics of diabetic cardiomyopathy were largely prevented by 1-NCA treatment. Selectivity of 1-NCA as a donor of HNO versus NO• was demonstrated by the sensitivity of the coronary vasodilation response of 1-NCA to the HNO scavenger L-cysteine (4mM), but not to the NO• scavenger hydroxocobalamin (50μM), in the normal rat heart ex vivo (n=3-7). Collectively, our studies provide the first evidence that HNO donors may represent a promising new strategy for the treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy, and implies their therapeutic efficacy in settings of chronic heart failure.
Author Disclosures: R.H. Ritchie: None. N. Cao: None. Y. Wong: None. S. Rosli: None. H. Kiriazis: None. K. Huynh: None. C. Qin: None. X. Du: None. B.K. Kemp-Harper: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.