Abstract 16346: Soluble P-Selectin Predicts Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease Incidence and Change in the Ankle Brachial Index: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
Background: Given the global burden of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and the associated morbidity, continuing investigation of potential biomarkers as therapeutic targets for preventing PAD is warranted. The association of P-selectin, an endothelial cell adhesion molecule, with the ankle brachial index (ABI) and PAD is not well established. Thus, we examined the association of circulating P-selectin with prevalent and incident PAD, the ABI, and change in the ABI.
Methods: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) is a prospective population-based cohort including 6814 non-Hispanic white, African American, Hispanic and Chinese men and women aged 45-84 at baseline (2000-02). For this analysis, 5700 participants with both P-selectin at Exam 2 (2002-04) and the ABI at Exam 3 (2004-05) were available, with change in ABI from Exam 3 to Exam 5 (2010-12) available on 4276 participants. P-selectin was modeled per standard deviation (SD), while prevalent and incident PAD were defined as ABI ≤ 0.90 after excluding those with ABI>1.4. Linear regression was used for ABI, growth curve models for change in ABI, and logistic regression for prevalent and incident PAD.
Results: In models adjusted for demographics, lifestyle factors, comorbidities, blood pressure, lipids, fasting glucose, c-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), D-dimer, and fibrinogen, each SD (13 ng/mL) higher P-selectin was significantly associated with 0.007 lower ABI (95% CI ((-0.011, -0.004)), p<0.001), and an average change in the ABI of -0.006 ((-0.010, -0.003, p<0.001). P-selectin was also significantly associated with a 1.14-fold greater odds of prevalent PAD ((1.00, 1.28), p=0.04), and a 1.30-fold greater odds of incident PAD ((1.10, 1.55), p<0.001). There were no significant interactions of p-selectin by race/ethnicity or gender. Addition of P-selectin to models containing traditional PAD risk factors as well as CRP, IL-6, D-dimer and fibrinogen did not improve the c-statistic or net reclassification for incident PAD.
Conclusions: P-selectin appears to be strongly associated with the development of PAD. However, further research is needed in population-based studies to confirm prospective associations of p-selectin with incident PAD and change in the ABI.
Author Disclosures: C.L. Wassel: None. C. Berardi: None. J.S. Pankow: None. N.B. Larson: None. P.A. Decker: None. N.Q. Hanson: None. M.Y. Tsai: None. M.H. Criqui: None. M.A. Allison: None. S.J. Bielinski: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.