Abstract 16238: Mortality and Predictors of Appropriate ICD Therapy in Japanese Primary Prevention Patients: A 13-year Experience Based on the MADIT2 Criteria
Background: There are still limited data on the mortality for a long-term follow-up and the clinical factors influencing appropriate therapies in Japanese patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention, who satisfied the criteria in Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial 2 (MADIT2).
Methods: Between January 2000 and December 2012, a total of 436 patients without prior ventricular arrhythmic event underwent ICD implantation for primary prevention at our institution. Among these patients, we enrolled consecutive 122 patients (69±10 years, male: 84%, biventricular-pacing: 54%, median follow-up: 1390 days) who met the MADIT2 criteria; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤30% with ischemic heart disease, more than 4 weeks after myocardial infarction.
Results: At the 3 years of follow-up, the mortality rate (21%) was comparable with that of the original MADIT2 ICD group (20%). The Kaplan-Meier event rate for appropriate ICD therapy (shock and anti-tachycardia pacing therapy) (35%) was also similar to that of the original MADIT2 ICD group (32%). Multivariate analysis by Cox regression model revealed that left ventricular diastolic diameter (LVDd) ≥60mm (Hazard Ratio [HR]: 1.65, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.16-2.14, P=0.004) and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) (HR: 1.55, 95%CI: 1.13-2.15, P=0.007) were independent predictors for appropriate ICD therapy. On the other hand, LVEF, NYHA class, biventricular-pacing, amiodarone or inducibility of ventricular arrhythmia was not associated with appropriate ICD therapy.
Conclusion: Appropriate ICD therapy was delivered in Japanese primary prevention patients as often as in the original MADIT2 ICD group and strongly predicted by dilated left ventricle and NSVT.
Author Disclosures: Y. An: None. K. Ando: None. M. Nagashima: None. M. Fukunaga: None. K. Hiroshima: None. M. Nobuyoshi: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.