Abstract 16160: Common Autosomal Variants are Associated With Bicuspid Aortic Valve in Turner Syndrome
Introduction: The prevalence of bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) is enriched thirty-fold in women with Turner Syndrome (TS) in comparison with the general population.
Hypothesis: Common autosomal variants influence the development of BAV in TS women, who may be uniquely sensitized to these variants by the loss of one X chromosome. We sought to identify autosomal BAV susceptibility genes in a cohort of TS women (average age 30 years, 38% BAV, 18% coarctation).
Methods: A total of 106 TS women of European ancestry with BAV and 173 TS women with tricuspid aortic valves were genotyped on Illumina Omni-Express arrays. Valve phenotypes were determined by independent review of echocardiograms from the enrolling sites. Tests of association were performed using logistic regression without adjustment for covariates and were summarized in a meta-analysis.
Results: Xp dosage was inversely and quantitatively associated with BAV status (P=0.02). Large, recurrent copy number variants in 1p36.13, 3q29, 8p23.1 and 9p24.3 were significantly enriched in BAV cases. After exclusion of 26 outlier samples in multidimensional scaling analysis, there was no significant genomic inflation (lambda= 1.02). The strongest genome-wide association signals were observed in 1p36.23, 3q23, 12q21.2, 18q21 and 22q13.31, and did not overlap with previously reported loci for BAV. A total of 13 SNPs in 18q21 were positively associated with BAV (OR=2.5-4.3) with a minimum P value of 1x10-7. Replication of these regions in independent groups of cases is ongoing.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that autosomal variants with large magnitudes of effect contribute to BAV in TS women, confirming our hypothesis, and provide evidence for gene-gene interactions in BAV formation.
Author Disclosures: S. Prakash: None. M. Silberbach: None. F. Asch: None. G. Limongelli: None. H. Michelena: None. D. Guo: None. C. Maslen: None. C.A. Bondy: None. D.M. Milewicz: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.