Abstract 16108: Right Ventricular Strain is a More Sensitive Marker of Right Ventricular Dysfunction Than Right Ventricular Ejection Fraction in a Cohort of Patients With Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Introduction: Strain has been shown to be more sensitive that ejection fraction in detecting subclinical dysfunction in the left ventricle. A number of echocardiographic parameters associated with right heart size and function have been shown to be impaired in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) but there is minimal data on which may be the most sensitive.
Aim: To characterize the changes in functional and echocardiographic indices of right ventricular (RV) size and function, in a cohort of IPAH patients followed serially to determine if strain is a more sensitive measure of RV dysfunction than RVEF.
Methods: Thirty patients (24 women, mean age 46.8 ± 5.3 years) with newly diagnosed IPAH were prospectively recruited and followed with serial transthoracic echocardiograms (TTE; Philips Medical Systems, Andover, MA) 6 monthly for up to 18 months. A range of 2D and 3D echocardiographic measures of right ventricular dimensions and function, including right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) and systolic longitudinal strain (LS), was assessed at each time point after commencing treatment using vendor independent software (TomTec, Germany). Functional status was assessed at18 months. Statistical analyses were performed using JMP statistical package (SAS Institute In. Cary, NC)
Results: 3D RV volumes, ejection fraction, mass, 2D global strain and 2D free wall strain all show significant changes over 18 months (p-value < 0.05; ANOVA of repeated measures) although peak tricuspid regurgitant velocity, RV systolic pressure and stroke volume do not. However, RV global strain and RV free wall strain showed significant changes within 6 months after diagnosis but not RVEF, peak TR velocity or RVSP. The degree of change in the RV free wall strain change at 18 months but not RVSP, RV mass or RVEF, was also associated with an abnormal 6 min walk test (18 months change, p=0.03).
Conclusion: RV global and free wall strain demonstrate significant decreases prior to RVEF, peak TR velocity and RVSP hence may be more more sensitive measures of RV dysfunction in patients with IPAH. These results may help guide treatment decisions and highlight the potential value of echocardiography in detecting subacute cardiac pathology.
Author Disclosures: J. Grapsa: None. T.C. Tan: None. D. Dawson: None. P. Nihoyannopoulos: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.