Abstract 161: Effectiveness of Lower Target Temperature Therapeutic Hypothermia for Post--Cardiac Arrest Victims Within 30 Minutes Resuscitation Interval
Introduction: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) for post cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) patients is standard strategy to reduce brain damage. However, current randomized control study (TTM: Target temperature management study, N Engl J Med 2013) suggested that simple target temperature did not improve outcome. Furthermore, there is no evidence, whether target temperature would be changed for each status of PCAS patients.
Hypothesis: Lower target temperature could improve neurological outcome in PCAS patients.
Methods: Participants with J-PULSE-Hypo study database were divided into the L group (32.0-33.9°C) and the M group (34-35°C). The favorable neurological outcomes (%, CPC 1-2 on 30th day) were compared between L and M groups in all and each subgroups with propensity score analysis with IPTW (inverse probability of treatment weighting) method as multivariate analysis. The subgroups were ages and interval from collapse to ROSC (return of spontaneous circulation).
Results: 477 participants were analyzed. The comparison of each groups for favorable neurological outcome were that all groups (L: 64%, n = 42, vs M: 55%, n= 424, P = 0.234, multivariate: P = 0.452), age (≤60 y.o.) (L: 70% vs M: 67%, P = 0.717, multivariate: P = 0.657), age (>60 y.o.) (L: 50% vs M: 44%, P = 0.665, multivariate: P = 0.061), interval from collapse to ROSC (≤30 min.) (L: 88% vs M: 64%, P = 0.022, multivariate: P = 0.007), and interval from collapse to ROSC (>30 min.) (L: 21% vs M: 29%, P = 0.567, multivariate: P = 0.449).
Conclusions: The PCAS victims within 30 min. from collapse to ROSC, would be treated by TH with less than 34°C target temperature.
Author Disclosures: T. Kaneko: None. S. Kasaoka: None. K. Nagao: None. N. Yonemoto: None. H. Yokoyama: None. H. Nonogi: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.