Abstract 16049: A Comparison of Short- and Medium-Term Outcomes Between Men and Women Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a Chinese Population During the Contemporary Era of Drug-Eluting Stents
Background: Very few studies have compared the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) outcomes between men and women among Asian population in the era of drug-eluting stents (DES). We aimed to evaluate the sex-specific disparities in a Chinese population.
Methods: From June 1, 2006 to April 30, 2011, a total of 21,964 coronary artery disease patients who have undergone PCI with stents implantation were included from one single Chinese heart center. Among them, 17209 were males, and 4755 were females. The primary endpoint was defined as major cardiovascular events (MACE) during hospitalization and at 1 year follow-up, which included cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target vessel revascularization (TVR). The secondary endpoint was defined as each component of MACE. Major bleeding after the procedure was recognized as the safety endpoint.
Results: The rates of MACE during hospitalization and at 1 year follow-up were similar between men and women (in-hospital: 1.5% vs. 1.6%, P=0.730, at 1 year follow-up: 4.0% vs. 4.1%, P=0.589). The adjusted rates of the primary endpoint was still similar (in-hospital odds ratio [OR], 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66–1.33, at 1 year follow-up hazard ratio [HR], 1.00; 95% CI, 0.96-1.04). No significant differences were detected in each component of MACE (P all > 0.05). But major bleeding after PCI occurred more in women than in men (1.2% vs. 0.7%, P=0.002), mainly driven by the access site-related major bleeding (0.8% vs. 0.4%, P=0.002). The access site complications were also more frequent in women (2.5% vs. 1.6%, P <0.001).
Conclusions: In the Chinese population with frequent use of DES, women present similar in-hospital and 1 year major outcomes compared with men. But women have higher risk of major bleeding and access site complications.
Author Disclosures: P. He: None. Y. Yang: None. S. Qiao: None. B. Xu: None. Y. Wu: None. J. Yuan: None. H. Liu: None. J. Dai: None. X. Tang: None. Y. Wang: None. W. Li: None. R. Gao: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.