Abstract 15999: The Divergent Effects of Exercise Training After Myocardial Infarction or Pressure Overload Depend Critically on Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase
AIMS: Beneficial effects of aerobic exercise training are widely recognized. However, previously we discovered that the positive effects of exercise depend on the underlying cause of cardiac failure. Here we tested the hypothesis that endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) dependent regulation of the balance between nitric oxide and superoxide (O2•-) is critically involved in determining the effects of exercise.
METHODS: Mice were exposed to 8 weeks of voluntary wheel running exercise training (EX) or sedentary housing (SED) immediately following myocardial infarction (MI), pressure overload from a transverse aortic constriction (TAC), or sham (SH) surgery. Subsequently, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) was measured by echocardiography and Picrosirius Red staining was performed to measure collagen content. Additionally, total and NOS-dependent LV O2•- were measured using lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence without or with NOS inhibitor, L-NAME. eNOS uncoupling was evaluated by determining eNOS monomer dimer protein ratio and peroxynitrite (ONOO-) levels were measured through luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence.
RESULTS: Cardiac dysfunction and fibrosis were ameliorated by exercise in MI but not in TAC mice (Table 1). MI and TAC both increased LV O2•- levels. Strikingly, EX diminished O2•- generation in MI, but exacerbated O2•- generation in TAC (Table 1). Furthermore, the EX-induced increase in O2•- levels in TAC were largely NOS-dependent. Accordingly, MI and TAC-induced eNOS uncoupling was normalized by EX in MI but aggravated in TAC mice (Table 1). Similarly, increased ONOO- levels following MI and TAC were diminished by EX in MI, but exacerbated by EX in TAC (Table 1).
CONCLUSIONS: EX reduces eNOS-mediated cardiac oxidative stress in MI. In contrast, beneficial effects of EX are lacking in cardiac pressure-overload following TAC, due to EX-induced aggravation of ONOO- formation, eNOS uncoupling and concomitant oxidative stress.
Author Disclosures: Y. Octavia: None. E.V. Deel: None. M.D. Waard: None. M.D. Boer: None. A. Moens: None. D.J. Duncker: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.