Abstract 15954: Both Tetrahydrobiopterin Depletion and eNOS S-Glutathionytion Contribute to eNOS Uncoupling in Coronary Disease Patients
Background: Vascular endothelial dysfunction (VED) is associated with increased oxidative stress due to eNOS uncoupling with increased superoxide (•O2-) production and has important prognostic clinical implications for subsequent cardiovascular events. Our recent studies in hypertensive rats revealed a novel redox-regulated pathway through which eNOS is uncoupled due to S-glutathionylation. However, its role in human vascular disease remains unclear. Hence, we studied eNOS S-glutathionylation and uncoupling and in aortic tissue from patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery and heart transplantation (N=25).
Methods: Studies were performed using vessels from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), control WKY rats and aortic tissue from patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. S-glutathionylation was determined with anti-glutathione and anti-eNOS, and an antibody specific for eNOS S-glutathionylation at C689 (anti-eNOS Cys689-SG). •O2- was measured using fluorescent probe DHE in the absence/presence of the NOS inhibitor, L-NAME, DTT, or the SOD mimetic, MnTBAP. The NOS cofactor, BH4, was measured by HPLC.
Results & Conclusion: S-glutathionylation of eNOS (eNOS-SG) was evident by immunohistology in SHR vessels compared to respective WKY control rat vessels. Similarly, immune assays of the aortic samples from vascular disease patients (VD) showed an increase in eNOS-SG protein when compared to no-disease control tissues (ND) and increased •O2- production was detected. Addition of DTT or β-ME decreased the levels of eNOS-SG with decreased •O2- generation. BH4 content was markedly decreased in the vessels of patients with coronary disease. BH4:BH2 ratio was decreased by over 5-fold also contributing to eNOS uncoupling. This provides the first evidence for an association of both eNOS S-glutathionylation and BH4 depletion leading to eNOS uncoupling with loss of endothelial dependent vasodilation in vessels of coronary disease patients.
Author Disclosures: S. Varadharaj: None. F. DePascali: None. J. Crestanello: None. A. Kilic: None. J. Boslett: None. C. Hemann: None. C. Chen: None. J.L. Zweier: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.