Abstract 15951: Palmitate, Not Oleate, is the Preferred Fatty Acid for Cardiac Triacylglycerol Synthesis
Introduction: Previous studies using cell culture models identified cyto-toxic effects of palmitate and that supplementation with oleate was protective by redirecting palmitate into triacylglycerol (TAG) stores. However, other cull culture studies reported that diacylglycerol transferase 1 (DGAT1), the last enzyme in TAG synthesis, demonstrated a preference for oleate. At present, it is not clear whether the supply of exogenous fatty acids (FA) to the heart is differentially allocated into the endogenous TAG pool. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to examine the influence of palmitate and/or oleate on cardiac TAG incorporation.
METHODS/RESULTS: Hearts were isolated from DGAT1-transgenic (DGAT) and control littermates (CON) and perfused in Langendorff mode with a mixed substrate buffer consisting of glucose, lactate, insulin, and FAs. The FA supply was varied with 0.2mM of both labeled (13C) and unlabeled (12C) FAs in 4 different experiments: 1) 13C/12C palmitate; 2) 13C/12C oleate; 3) 13C palmitate/12C oleate; 4) 13C oleate/12C palmitate. The incorporation of 13C palmitate or 13C oleate into the TAG pool was monitored by 13C NMR spectroscopy. In CON hearts (n=3), the incorporation of palmitate was ~65% higher than oleate when the perfusate contained a homogenous supply of FA. This was also observed in DGAT hearts (n=4) although the incorporation of both palmitate and oleate was ~75% higher compared to CON (P <0.05). In the presence of oleate, palmitate incorporation decreased 25-30% in both CON and DGAT hearts. In contrast, oleate incorporation was diminished by ~50% and ~100% in CON and DGAT hearts, respectively, in the presence of palmitate.
CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that when palmitate and oleate are provided in equal concentrations, palmitate is more readily utilized in the synthesis of endogenous TAG stores in the heart. Furthermore, although overexpression of DGAT increases both oleate and palmitate incorporation, the DGAT1 enzyme demonstrates a preference for palmitate. These findings provide insight into the relationship between exogenous FA supply and endogenous TAG dynamics in the contracting heart.
Author Disclosures: S.C. Kolwicz: None. R. Tian: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.