Abstract 15948: Impact of Age on Safety of Radiofrequency Ablation in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation
Background: The incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is increasing in the elderly population, however, there is paucity of data on the safety outcomes of this patient subgroup thus we sought to investigate on the impact of age on the safety of catheter ablation for AF.
Methods and Results: We included 1,293 (male 75%) patients enrolled in Yonsei AF Ablation Cohort database in Seoul, South Korea, from March 2009 to November 2013. We divided the patients into 4 groups according to age (Group 1, aged 17-49, N=295 ; Group 2 50-59, N=421; Group 3 60-69 N=408; and Group 4 ≥ 70, N=169) and evaluated the incidence of procedure related complications. No procedure-related death occurred in this study. There was a trend of increasing incidence of procedure related complications with age noted as follows: Group 1= 3.7%; Group 2= 4.0%; Group 3=6.6%; and Group 4 7.1%, (p= 0.15). There were 28 cases (2.2%) of major complications (Group 1=1.7%, Group 2=1.9%, Group 3=2%, Group 4 4.1%), tamponade being the most common. Major complications in group 4 include: tamponade 4 cases, phrenic nerve palsy 1 case, atrioesophaeal fistula 1 and 3rd degree AV block in 1 patient. Multivariate regression analysis shows ablation time (odds ratio (OR) 1.2 confidence interval (CI)1.0-1.017, p=0.017), procedure time (OR 1.008, CI 1.0-1.15, p=0.04), decreasing eGFR (OR 1.013, CI 1.002-1.026 p=0.018), coronary artery disease (CAD) (OR 1.847, CI 1.003-3.524, p0.04) and age (OR 1.028, CI 1.003-1.055, p=0.03) were associated with increased adjusted risk of total complications. Predictors of major complications include age (OR 1.044, CI 1.003-1.086, p0.02) and ablation time (OR 1.009, CI 0.999-1.000, p=0.033).
Conclusion: Our data suggest that incidence of procedural complications in RFA of AF increase with age. Ablation time and age are independent predictors of a major complication.
Author Disclosures: J.W. Elcano: None. H. Pak: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.