Abstract 15876: The Safety of Transesophageal Echocardiography in Patients With Gastroesophageal Varices
Introduction: The presence of gastroesophageal varices (GEV) is considered a relative contraindication to performing Trans esophageal echocardiography (TEE) however; the safety of TEE in patients with GEV is unknown.
Hypothesis: Bleeding complications related to TEE in patients with GEV are dependent on the severity of the GEV.
Methods: 55 patients (G1) with GEV undergoing clinically indicated TEE were studied. Each patient was matched by age and gender to a control subject (C). GEV were graded using esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). There were 39 males and 16 females in either group. Complications related to TEE were defined as upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleed, decline in hemoglobin by more than 2 g/dl, esophageal perforation, aspiration, respiratory compromise requiring intubation and/or need for sedative reversal agents that occurred within 48 hours of the procedure.
Results: In G1 grade 1, grade 2, and grade 3 GEV were present in 21, 24, and 12 patients, respectively. Of the 12 patients with grade 3 GEV, one patient had GI bleed.
TEE findings included vegetation in 8 patients of G1 and in — patients of C and thrombus in 3 patients of G1 and 3 patients of C.
Conclusions: TEE appears safe in patient with grade 1 or 2 GEV. However, caution should be advised when performing TEE in patients with grade 3 GEV. TEE showed significant findings of vegetation or thromus in at least 20% of the patients with GEV.
Author Disclosures: Z. Alnabki: None. W.F. Rawasia: None. G. Dryden: None. A. Usmani: None. M.F. Stoddard: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.