Abstract 15869: Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is Associated With Higher Rate of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention at 8-Year Follow-Up
Introduction: The debate on the advantages and limitations of off-pump (OPCAB) vs on pump CABG has not still arrived to a conclusion and concerns still exist on graft patency. This study was designed to compare the impact on mortality and morbidity of OPCAB and on-pump CABG, with a specific focus on mid-term need for percutaneous cardiac intervention (PCI).
Methods: The PRIORITY project was designed to evaluate the mid-long term outcomes of 2 large prospective multicenter cohort studies on CABG conducted between 2002-2004 and 2007-2008. Data on isolated CABG performed both on-pump and off-pump were derived from clinical dataset and linked to 2 administrative datasets. Time-to event analyses were performed in a competing risk framework to evaluate the potential role of surgical techniques on outcomes.
Results: The population consisted of 11020 patients who underwent isolated CABG (27.2% OPCAB). Several risk factor but surgical technique independently affected in-hospital mortality. The incidence of postoperative PCI was significantly higher in OPCAB group (p<0.05) and the multivariate logistic regression demonstrated that on-pump CABG was the only factor that protects from PCI after surgery (OR 0.61). Although unadjusted long-term survival was significantly worst for OPCAB (Log-rank p-value 0.00), the adjustment for factors found significant in the univariate analysis did not confirm OPCAB as a risk factor for mortality (hazard ratio was 0.96 ± 0.05, p-value 0.407). On the contrary, the significantly better cumulative incidence function of hospitalization for PCI at follow-up (Gray test p-value 0.00) in the on-pump group was confirmed even by the adjustment for confounding factors (p-value 0.00, adjusted hazard ratio 0.70 ± 0.07) and hence OPCAB was demonstrated to be an independent risk factor for PCI with an hazard that is 42% higher than on-pump CABG.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated that OPCAB did not affect short and long-term mortality. Nonetheless, it was a risk factor for re-hospitalization for PCI.
Author Disclosures: F. Barili: None. S. Rosato: None. P. D’Errigo: None. A. Parolari: None. L. Menicanti: None. F. Seccareccia: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.