Abstract 15833: LRP1 is a Novel Receptor of Bmper and Required for Pathological Angiogenesis
Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is a multifunctional member of the LDL receptor family, impacting a variety of biological processes such as lipid metabolism, endocytosis and signal transduction. However, the role of LRP1 in endothelium was almost unknown. Until recently we discovered that LRP1 is a novel regulator of bone morphogenetic protein (Bmp) signaling through its association with the extracellular modulator-Bmper (Bmp-binding endothelial cell precursor-derived regulator) and regulates zebrafish vascular development. Here we studied the functional roles of LRP1 in mammalian system by performing cell culture studies with endothelial cells (ECs) and analyzing angiogenic defects in oxygen-induced retinopathy model with LRP1flox/flox;Tie2-Cre+/- mice (EC-LRP1 KO). In MECs, we observed that the activation of Src, ERK and tyrosine phosphorylation of multiple proteins were induced by Bmper and this activation was LRP1-dependent since LRP1 knockdown inhibited their activation. However, this Bmper-induced activation was not blocked by Bmp4 neutralized antibody, which suggests that LRP1 is required for Bmp4-independent signaling for Bmper. These data also indicate that Bmper and LRP1 is a novel ligand receptor pair. Moreover, we observed that LRP1 protein was induced in response to 1% hypoxia in both mouse ECs (MECs) and human retinal microvascular endothelial cells, suggesting that LRP1 is required for hypoxia induced endothelial function. In hypoxia condition, EC-LRP1 KO mice resulted in accelerated angiogenesis in retinal endothelial cells, similar to the pattern of Bmper deleted mice. Therefore, we identify that the Bmper/LRP1 signaling is a novel signaling pathway in endothelial cells and their activity regulates angiogenic responses during oxygen-induced retinopathy. This study provides mechanistic insights for angiogenesis-related pathophysiologic conditions.
Author Disclosures: X. Li: None. X. Pi: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.