Abstract 15830: Elevated Resting Heart Rate is Associated With Impaired Quality of Life and Worse NYHA Functional Capacity in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure: Results From REALITY HF Study
Purpose: Resting heart rate (HR), health related quality of life (HQoL) and NYHA functional capacity are referred as important determinants of prognosis and targets of therapy in heart failure (HF). REALITY HF (Resting Heart Rate and Real Life Treatment Modality in Outpatients with Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction) study data were analyzed for the evaluation of any relationship of resting HR with HQoL assessed by Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) and NYHA functional class.
Methods: REALITY HF was a multicenter, prospective registry designed to evaluate HF patients’ characteristics and effects of treatment modalities on resting HR and enrolled 1057 patients (age 61±12 years) with LVEF <40%. 781 (74%) patients in sinus rhythm were included in this analysis. Patients were classified into 4 groups according to the quartiles of HR: Q1:<68 bpm (n=234), Q2:69-75 bpm (n=189), Q3:76-87 bpm (n=194) and Q4:>87 bpm (n=164). KCCQ was completed in a random sample of 320 (Q1:n=27, Q2:n=99, Q3:n=125, Q4:n=69) patients, in which higher scores show better patient’s health status.
Results: During enrollment, 82% of patients were receiving ≥2 drugs including ACE[[Unable to Display Character: İ]]/ARB, beta blocker, aldosterone blocker, diuretic or digoxin. Resting HR was 76±14 bpm and 68% of patients had a resting HR ≥70 bpm. KCCQ overall summary score (OSC) was found to be 75.7±13.2 in those in Q1, 65.5±20.8 in Q2, 64.4±20.6 in Q3 and 58.3±21.2 in Q4 (p=0.004) and KCCQ clinical summary score (CSS) was 80.4±15.7 in those in Q1, 70.0±22.4 in Q2, 69.9±21.9 in Q3 and 63.8±23.3 in Q4 (p=0.016). Also, there was a significant negative correlation between resting HR and OSC (p=0.008) or CSS (p=0.031). The distribution of NYHA-I patients for Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 were 40.7%, 22.8%, 23.8% and 12.7%, NYHA-II patients-30.8%, 23.1%, 27.2% and 18.9%, NYHA-III patients-21.2%, 23.9%, 24.3% and 30.6% and NYHA-IV patients-22.7%, 34.1%, 22.7% and 20.5%, respectively (p<0.001). Also, resting HR were found to gradually and significantly increase across NYHA categories (72.8±12 bpm in NYHA-I, 76.1±13 bpm in NYHA-II, 80.2±15 bpm in NYHA-III and 78.9±16 bpm in NYHA-IV, p<0.001).
Conclusions: These results suggest that elevated resting HR in HF patients is associated with impaired HQoL and worse NYHA functional capacity.
Author Disclosures: Y. Cavusoglu: Honoraria; Modest; Speaker honoraria. O. Kozan: Other Research Support; Modest; This study is supported by Servier. Honoraria; Modest; Speaker honoraria. A. Temizhan: Other Research Support; Modest; This study is supported by Servier. Honoraria; Modest; Speaker honoraria. S. Kucukoglu: Other Research Support; Modest; This study is supported by Servier. Honoraria; Modest; Speaker honoraria.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.