Abstract 15813: Loss-of-Function Mutation in Toll-Like Receptor 4 Partially Protects Against Peripheral and Cardiac Insulin Resistance During a Long-Term High-Fat Diet
Diabetes mellitus is an epidemic disease characterized by alterations in glucose transport, which is tightly regulated by a family of specialized proteins called the glucose transporters (GLUTs). Although diabetic cardiomyopathy is a common complication in diabetic patients, its pathogenesis is still not well understood. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, which plays a central role in pathogen recognition by the innate immune system, may also play a critical role in linking inflammation and metabolic disease. We hypothesized that TLR4 activation triggers cardiac insulin resistance. We used mice with a loss-of function mutation in TLR4 (C3H/HeJ) and age-matched wild-type (WT, C57BL/6N) mice (n=8/group) to investigate how feeding a high-fat diet (HFD, 60% kcal from fat) for 16 weeks affected whole-body and cardiac glucose metabolism. After 16 weeks, WT mice fed a HFD were obese and developed hyperglycemia and insulin resistance compared to WT mice on a control diet (10% kcal from fat). The C3H/HeJ mice were partially protected against HFD-induced obesity and insulin resistance. In the heart, WT mice fed a HFD had a 30% decrease (P<0.05) in GLUT4 protein content as measured by Western Blot of cardiac crude membrane protein extracts. In contrast, the loss-of-function point mutation in TLR4 partially rescued cardiac GLUT4 content in the face of a HFD. Interestingly, there was a 40% increase (P<0.05) in the novel GLUT isoform, GLUT8, in the heart when mice of either genotype were fed a HFD. Additionally, GLUT4 protein content was negatively (P<0.05) correlated with GLUT8 content in the myocardium, suggesting that GLUT8 may act as a compensatory mechanism in the face of HFD-induced GLUT4 downregulation. Phosphorylated Akt, a key protein of the insulin signaling pathway, was positively (P<0.05) correlated with GLUT4 content, while the basal/inactive form was negatively correlated. In conclusion, these data suggest that activation of TLR4 activation during diabetes and obesity alters glucose transport by an Akt mechanism, and as such is a pathogenic factor during peripheral and cardiac insulin resistance. Overall, TLR4 appears to be a key modulator in the cross-talk between inflammatory and metabolic pathways, as well as a potential therapeutic target for diabetes.
Author Disclosures: E. Jackson: None. E. Rendina-Ruedy: None. M. Priest: None. B. Smith: None. V. Lacombe: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.