Abstract 15768: Mitochondria-Targeted DNA Repair Glycosylase Ogg1 Suppresses Early Stage of Atherogenesis in Ogg1 Deficient Mice
Introduction: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a key role in the development of atherosclerosis. Mitochondria are a main source of endogenous ROS in the cell. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is sensitive to oxidation and our previous results from cultured cell and intact animal models suggest that increasing mtDNA repair prevents both oxidative mtDNA damage and associated cytotoxicity and cellular dysfunction. Involvement of oxidative mtDNA damage in disorders characterized by chronic oxidative stress has been less thoroughly studied.
Hypothesis: In the present study we tested the hypothesis that transgenic modulation of Ogg1, a DNA glycosylase mediating the first step in the base excision repair of oxidative mtDNA damage, coordinately regulates atherogenesis in mice fed a high fat diet.
Methods: Wild type (WT) mice, Ogg1 knock-out (KO) mice and KO mice transgenically overexpressing mitochondria-targeted Ogg1 (KO-Tg) were fed pro-atherogenic Western type diet for 14 weeks and analyzed for mtDNA damage and signs of atherogenesis.
Results: KO mice fed a high fat diet had increased oxidative mtDNA damage in cardiac tissue, whereas KO-Tg animals did not differ from WT mice (WT: 0.18 ± 0.04; KO: 0.35 ± 0.04; KO-Tg: 0.15 ± 0.01 lesions per 104 bp; n=3, P<0.05; quantitative Southern blot analysis). We did not observe significant atherosclerotic plaque formation in the aortic valve of animals from any group; however appearance of fatty streaks, indicative of early plaque development, was more evident in KO mice (WT: 179 ± 20; KO: 384 ± 59 pixels, n=4, P<0.05; immunohistochemistry for Fc receptor - general marker of inflammatory cells). This effect was completely blocked in KO-Tg mice. We found increased number of apoptotic cells in the aortic valve of KO, but not KO-Tg mice (WT: 2.00 ± 0.50; KO: 4.25 ± 0.48; KO-Tg: 2.14 ± 0.85 apoptotic cells, n=4, P<0.05; TUNEL assay).
Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that Ogg1 deficiency in mice fed a high fat diet leads to increased oxidative mtDNA damage, appearance of fatty streaks and cell apoptosis. In contrast, enhancement of mtDNA repair with mitochondria-targeted Ogg1 reduces fatty streaks formation and apoptosis induced by a high fat diet. These results suggest mtDNA damage and repair could be important targets for atheroprotection.
Author Disclosures: M.V. Ruchko: None. S. Sukhanov: Research Grant; Significant; NHLBIR21 grant, PI. O.M. Gorodnya: None. L.I. Rachek: None. S.D. Danchuk: None. P. Delafontaine: None. M.N. Gillespie: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.