Abstract 15657: Regulation of Cardiac Regeneration by Hippo Pathway and Dystrophin Glycoprotein Complex
Regeneration of the mammalian heart is limited in adults. In rodents, endogenous regenerative capacity exists during development and in neonate but is rapidly repressed after birth. We are elucidating the mechanisms responsible for regenerative repression and applying this knowledge to reactivate cardiac regeneration in adult hearts. We have previously shown that the Hippo pathway is responsive for regenerative repression, however, the molecular and cellular mechanism responsible remain unclear.
The Hippo pathway controls heart size by repressing myocardial cell proliferation during development. By deleting Salv, a modulator of Hippo pathway, we found myocardial damage in the postnatal and adult heart was repaired anatomically and functionally. This heart repair occurred primarily through proliferation of preexisting cardiomyocyte. We observed that cardiomyocytes in border the zone protrude and fill the damage area during Hippo-mediated cardiac regeneration and thus preventing formation of fibrotic scars. The molecular analysis identified components of dystrophin glycoprotein complex (DGC) as downstream targets of Hippo pathway. The DGC anchors the cytoskeleton and extracellular matrix and is involved in cell migration. The studies using the muscular dystrophy mouse model, mdx, reveals that DGC is required for endogenous cardiac regeneration and cardiomyocyte protrusion. Taken together, we show that cardiomyocyte protrusion is an essential process for cardiac regeneration and the Hippo pathway regulates it through regulating DGC. Our studies provide insights into the mechanisms leading to repair of damaged hearts from endogenous cardiomyocytes and novel information into DGC function.
Author Disclosures: Y. Morikawa: None. J.F. Martin: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.