Abstract 15552: Acute Estrogen-GPER1 Stimulation Preserves Mitochondrial Inner Membrane Protein (Mitofilin) From Degradation caused by Ischemia/Reperfusion Stress
Introduction: We recently found that acute estrogen treatment delays the mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening and reduces ROS production after ischemia/reperfusion, suggesting that estrogen promotes mitochondrial integrity. As mitochondrial inner membrane protein (mitofilin) has been found to control mitochondrial cristae morphology and function, we investigated whether estrogen effect on mitochondrial integrity after ischemia/reperfusion involved regulation of mitofilin via G-Protein Coupled Estrogen Receptor1 (GPER1) activation.
Methods: Isolated hearts from male WT (C57BL/6NCrL), and GPER1-/- mice were perfused using Langendorff technique, with and without estrogen (40 nM). Hearts were subjected to 20 min global ischemia followed by 10 min reperfusion. Mitochondria were isolated, and 2D-DIGE followed by mass spectrometry was performed. Mitofilin expression was confirmed by Western blot analysis in mitochondrial fractions. Mitofilin distribution in cardiomyocytes, and its spatial organization in single mitochondria were visualized using high resolution microscopy. Electron microscopy was used to observe the state of mitochondrial cristae morphology.
Results: Analysis revealded 52 unique proteins of interest, in which mitofilin was identified. Immunoblot analysis confirmed an increased in mitofilin level with estrogen treatment as compared to control in WT but not in GPER1-/-. We found, as observed in non-ischemic myocytes, that mitofilin in estrogen-treated cardiomyocytes was distributed in the peri-membrane and T-tubules, while only peri-membrane mitofilin was more visible in control group. High resolution microscopy showed a better spatial organization of mitofilin in single mitochondria with estrogen treatment compared to control, in which mitofilin was almost absent. Electron microscopy revealded that mitochondrial morphology was preserved with estrogen treatment, as cristae were well organized compared to control, in which cristae were disrupted.
Conclusion: These data indicate that estrogen up-regulates mitofilin expression during ischemia/reperfusion. Estrogen effect on mitofilin may contribute to improved mitochondrial integrity and function.
Author Disclosures: T.C. Harris: None. B. Olde: None. F. Leeb-Lundberg: None. J. Bopassa: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.