Abstract 15392: Inflammation and Ischemic Heart Failure: Monocyte-Mediated Cardiac Fibroblast Activation and Matrix Remodeling Through a Direct Cell-Cell Contact Mechanism
BACKGROUND: Following myocardial infarction (MI), activated cardiac myofibroblasts facilitate extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling to prevent mechanical complications. However, prolonged myofibroblast activity leads to dysregulation of the ECM, maladaptive remodeling, fibrosis and heart failure (HF). Chronic inflammation is believed to drive persistent myofibroblast activity, however, the mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we explored the effects of peripheral blood monocytes on human cardiac fibroblast activation in a 3D ECM microenvironment.
METHODS/RESULTS: Human cardiac fibroblasts isolated from surgical human heart biopsies were seeded into 3D collagen matrices. Peripheral blood monocytes isolated from healthy human donors were co-cultured with fibroblasts. Monocytes increased fibroblast activation measured by collagen ECM contraction (17.9±11.1% increase; p<0.01) and resulted in local ECM remodeling observed by confocal microscopy. Under co-culture conditions that prevent cell-cell contact but allow interaction via paracrine factors, monocytes had minimal effects on fibroblast activation (6.4±7.0 vs.17.9±11.1% increase, respectively; p<0.01). Multiplex analysis of the co-culture media revealed an increase in the paracrine factors Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) and Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 when monocytes and fibroblasts were cultured under cell-cell contact conditions (162.2±11.7pg/mL and 17.5±0.5ng/mL, respectively, vs. 21.8±5.7pg/mL and 4.9 ±0.4ng/mL; p<0.001). TGF-β1 blockade abolished monocyte induced cardiac fibroblast activation, as did β1-integrin. These data suggest direct cell-cell interaction between monocytes and cardiac fibroblasts through β1-integrin results in TGF-β1 release facilitating fibroblast activation and matrix remodeling.
CONCLUSION: For the first time, we demonstrate that peripheral blood monocytes stimulate human cardiac fibroblast activation through a mechanism involving TGF-β1 release as a consequence of direct cell-cell interaction through β1-integrin. These data implicate inflammation as a driver of cardiac fibrosis post-MI, highlighting potential novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of ischemic HF.
Author Disclosures: H.E. Mewhort: None. B.D. Lipon: None. D.A. Svystonyuk: None. D.G. Guzzardi: None. P.W. Fedak: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.