Abstract 15237: Serum Galectin-3 Level Predicts Late Recurrence Following Cryoballoon-based Pulmonary Vein Isolation in Lone Atrial Fibrillation Patients
BACKGROUND: Left atrial(LA) interstitial fibrosis is known to be a key contributor to atrial fibrillation(AF) development and maintenance. The role of galectin-3 in the pathogenesis of cardiac fibrosis has been demonstrated in previous studies. We aimed to determine whether serum galectin-3 level is an independent predictor for the late AF recurrence in patients with lone AF who underwent cryoballoon- based pulmonary ven isolation(PVI).
METHODS: 100 patients (43.80% male, 56.95± 11.36 years) with lone AF who underwent cryoballoon-based PVI were included in the study. Pre-procedural galectin-3 levels were measured with ELISA.
RESULTS: At a follow-up of 12 months, 76 (76%) patients were free of late AF recurrence. Body mass index(BMI) ( 25.04± 1.54 vs. 23.93± 2.08 kg/m2, p=0.002), AF duration [7 (3- 20) vs. 5 (1- 24) months, p=0.024], serum galectine-3 levels [11.10 (4.20- 33.80) vs. 5.70 (2.60- 12.40) ng/mL, p<0.001], left atrial diameter(LAD) (4.30± 0.40 vs.3.79± 0.42 cm, p<0.001) and incidence of early recurrence (60 vs 2%, p<0.001) were found to be significantly higher in patients with late AF recurrence. Serum galectin-3 levels (HR: 1.16, p<0.001), LAD (HR: 3.38, p= 0.042) and early recurrence (HR: 10.92, p<0.001) were found to be independent predictors of late AF recurrence in the multivariate Cox regression analysis. A cut-off level for serum galectin-3 level of 7.9 ng/mL predicted late AF recurrence in lone AF patients with a sensitivity of 93.33% and specificity of 87.76% (AUC: 0.910, p<0.001).
CONCLUSION: Pre-procedural serum galectin-3 level is an independent predictor of late AF recurrence following cryoballoon-based PVI in patients with lone AF. Galectin-3 may serve as a novel biomarker to identify patients with high recurrence risk following AF ablation.
Author Disclosures: K.M. Gurses: None. M.U. Yalcin: None. D. Kocyigit: None. H. Canpinar: None. B. Evranos: None. A.H. Ates: None. H. Yorgun: None. M.L. Sahiner: None. E.B. Kaya: None. D. Guc: None. M.A. Oto: None. K. Aytemir: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.