Abstract 15120: Nanoparticle-Mediated Delivery of Pitavastatin into Small Pulmonary Arteies by Intravenous Administration Attenuated the Progression of Already Established Monocrotaline-induced Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Rats
Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an intractable disease of small pulmonary artery in which multiple pathogenetic factors are involved. We have previously reported that poly(lactic acid/glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticle (NP)-mediated targeting of pitavastatin into lungs by intratracheal instillation attenuated the development of PAH. In the present study we examined the effects of intravenous treatment with pitavastatin-NPs on the progression of already established PAH induced by monocrotaline (MCT).
Methods and Results: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (200 to 230 g) were injected subcutaneously with 60 mg/kg MCT to induce PAH. At day 17 after MCT injection when PAH had been already established, animals were randomly divided into 4 groups, which treated with intravenous daily bolus administration of the following drugs for consecutive 4 days from 17 to 20 days after MCT injection; 1) vehicle, 2) FITC-NPs, 3) pitavastatin alone (1, 3, 10 or 30 mg/kg), or 4) pitavastatin-NPs (containing 1 or 3 mg/kg pitavastatin). Treatment with pitavastatin-NPs, but not with pitavastatin alone attenuated the progression of established PAH (Fig. A) associated with the reduction of inflammation and small pulmonary artery remodeling (stenosis and obstruction of pulmonary arterial branches) (Fig. B). In trace experiments, intravenous administration of FITC-NPs revealed the targeting of FITC-NPs into small pulmonary artery in rats with MCT-induced PAH, but not in normal animals. Importantly, in a separate protocol, treatment with pitavastatin-NPs improved the survival rate at day 35 (30% in pitavastatin-NP group vs. 61% in FITC-NP group, P<0.05 by Kaplan-Meier).
Conclusion: A novel NP-mediated targeting of pitavastatin into small pulmonary arteries by intravenous administration attenuated the progression of established PAH and improved survival associated with anti-inflammatory and anti-remodeling effects in a rat model of MCT-induced PAH.
Author Disclosures: K. Ichimura: None. T. Matoba: None. R. Nagahama: None. K. Nakano: None. K. Sunagawa: None. K. Egashira: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.