Abstract 14866: Hyperglycemia is an Independent Predictor of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In the current study we examine the association of hyperglycemic with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) independent of major correlates of LVH, such as, age, body size, blood pressure (BP) and aortic stiffness.
Methods: We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional survey in 8,080 South Indians over the age of 20 years. The study included anthropometric, socioeconomic, psychosocial, BP, blood lipids, insulin, HbA1C, glucose tolerance test and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) assessments. Insulin resistance (IR) was defined as the 25% of the population with the highest values for homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). LV mass and relative wall thickness (RWT) were determined using echocardiography. LVH was defined as LV mass index (LVMI) >109 g/m2 for men and >89 g/m2 for women.
Results: After the exclusion of people with hypertension, 5,841 subjects (mean age 41 years, 59% women) constituted the study sample. The mean LVMI in subjects with normoglycemia (n=3585), pre-DM (impaired fasting and/or post prandial blood sugar; n=1315) and DM (n=888) was 78.5 ± 17.5, 80.7 ± 19.4 and 87.2 ± 20.3, while mean RWT was 0.46 ± 0.09, 0.48 ± 0.09 and 0.51 ± 0.1, respectively (p<0.01). After adjustments for age, sex, BMI, BP, PWV, blood lipids, history of coronary artery disease, socioeconomic and smoking status, and physical activity, when compared to persons with normoglycemia, the odds ratio (95% CI) for LVH in pre-DM and DM men was 1.12 (0.89, 1.42) and 1.37 (1.04, 1.8), respectively; the odds ratio in pre-DM and DM women was 1.07 (0.89, 1.28) and 1.4 (1.08, 1.82), respectively. Among the persons with normoglycemia those with IR the odds ratio for LVH was 1.23 (0.85, 1.78) in men and 1.01 (0.79, 1.30) in women. In the multi-linear regression models HbA1c was independently correlated with LVMI. The correlation coefficients were higher in men (β= 0.07, p <0.001) compared to women (β= 0.037, p = 0.032).
Conclusion: Hyperglycemia is an independent predictor of LVH in South Asian population. These findings indicate potential adverse myocardial effects of DM independent of associated risk factors, such as obesity, BP and aortic stiffness.
Author Disclosures: M. Thanikachalam: None. V. Harivanzan: None. J. Sunderarajan: None. R. Baliga: None. S. Thanikachalam: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.