Abstract 14746: Dynamic SIRTUIN1-modulated Lysine Acetylation of P66shc Governs Vascular Endothelial Oxidative Stress and Dysfunction of Diabetes
The SIRTUIN1 lysine deacetylase (SIRT1) ameliorates diabetic vascular dysfunction by epigenetically suppressing endothelial expression of the oxidative stress protein p66shc. However, whether SIRT1 modulates the oxidative function of p66shc by directly targeting it for lysine deacetylation is not known. Here we show that the oxidative function of p66shc is dynamically modulated by lysine acetylation. Mass spectroscopy identified lysine 81 in the unique CH2 domain of p66shc as the residue targeted by SIRT1. High glucose and SIRT1 knockdown stimulates acetylation of lysine 81 of endothelial p66shc. Compared to WT p66shc, non-acetylatable (K81R) p66shc is significantly handicapped in promoting endothelial hydrogen peroxide production stimulated by high glucose. Compared to WT p66shc, K81R p66shc is also less prone to serine 36 phosphorylation by high glucose, which is essential for the oxidative function of p66shc. Moreover, in contrast to WT p66shc which worsens endothelial dysfunction, expression of K81R p66shc does not impair endothelial function in wild type mice and rescues endothelium dysfunction of diabetic db+/db+ mouse aortas . These findings show that lysine 81 acetylation promotes the oxidative role of p66shc in hyperglycemic conditions, and is essential for p66shc-mediated endothelial dysfunction.
Author Disclosures: S. Kumar: None. Y. Kim: None. A. Vikram: None. A. Naqvi: None. A. Kumar: None. M. Bachschmid: None. J.S. Jacobs: None. K. Irani: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.