Abstract 14727: Late Sodium Current Plays a Role in Ventricular Arrhythmias Associated With Increased Intracellular Calcium Concentration
Objective: An increase in intracellular calcium concentration is associated with the prolongation of action potential duration (APD) and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT). Recent studies indicated that late sodium current inhibitor is effective in preventing ventricular arrhythmias in patients with long QT syndrome 8. The objective of the study was to determine the role of late sodium current in calcium related ventricular arrhythmias.
Methods: Hearts from New Zealand female rabbits were perfused in a Langendorff mode. The atrioventricular nodal area was thermally ablated to produce complete atrioventricular block, and then heart was paced at stated frequency. Multiple channel monophasic action potentials (MAP) and pseudo 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded. Calcium transient and myocyte contraction were determined in rabbit ventricular myocytes.
Results: Bay-K 8644 (10-300 nM) increased both epi- and endo- cardial MAPD90 of left ventricle in concentration dependent manners, from (176±6) to (222±13) ms, and (201±6) to (246±10) ms (n=15, p<0.05 vs control), respectively. In the presence of 1 nM ATX-II, Bay-K 8644 caused a greater prolongation of epi-MAPD90 which was increased from (182±6) to (342±21) ms (n=9, p<0.05 vs control). The prolongation of MAPD90 caused by Bay-K 8644 were reversed by 1 μM TTX in both absence and presence of ATX-II. Additionally, the incidence of PVT evoked by Bay-K 8644 was also greater in the presence compared to the absence of ATX-II. 200 nM Bay-K 8644 caused few arrhythmias in absence of ATX-II. In contrast, PVT occurred in 7/9 (77.78%) of hearts treated with 200 nM Bay-K 8644 in the presence of ATX-II. These arrhythmias could be abolished by 1 μM TTX in the continued presence of Bay-K 8644. TTX (1 μM) attenuated the increase by 200 nM Bay-K 8644 of intracellular calcium transient and myocyte contraction amplitude by 10.8% and 14.6%, respectively (n=6, p<0.05).
Conclusion: Both endogenous and enhanced late sodium current contributes to the ventricular arrhythmias with increased intracellular calcium concentration. Inhibition of late sodium current may be effective in preventing or treating calcium overload-related ventricular arrhythmias and dysfunction of myocardial contraction.
Author Disclosures: X. Wei: None. Y. Huo: None. S. Huang: None. Q. Yang: None. L. Ren: None. L. Wu: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.