Abstract 146: Neurological Prognostication by Gender in Patients with Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Receiving Hypothermia Treatment
Objectives: This study aimed to to examine whether neurologic recovery of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients receiving hypothermia treatment is enhanced for women of childbearing age.
Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using a nationwide surveillance database in Korea of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) that occurred between 2008 and 2012. The exposure and outcomes studied were hypothermia treatment and neurologic outcome at discharge. Patient characteristics between hypothermia-treated and non-treated groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression was used to account for the patient characteristics. The association was examined for each stratum of gender, age (<45, 45-65, and >65 years old), and initial cardiac rhythm. Cardiac rhythms were considered in two different categorizations: 1) shockable/non-shockable rhythm, and 2) VF.VT/PEA/asystole.
Results: Crude analysis showed that women of childbearing ages treated with hypothermia had enhanced neurologic recovery than older aged women and all men. After adjusted, men had stronger association between hypothermia and good neurologic recovery than women. The highest association was found in men who are under 45 years of age and have shockable cardiac rhythm (OR=2.00 (1.26, 3.19)). The association between hypothermia and neurologic recovery was not statistically significant in all women. The magnitude of association decreased with age. Shockable rhythm was associated with better neurologic recovery than non-shockable rhythms in all gender and age groups. Using VF.VT/PEA/asystole categorization of cardiac rhythms, men consistently showed higher ORs than women. In all gender and age groups, having PEA rhythm was associated with better neurologic outcome than shockable rhythms (VF/VT) or asystole.
Conclusion: The unadjusted association between hypothermia and neurologic recovery was the strongest in women of childbearing ages. After adjustment, men had a better neurologic outcome than women across all ages. Shockable rhythms were associated with enhanced neurologic recovery. Our results suggest that among OHCA patients, the effect of hypothermia treatment on neurologic recovery is greater for men, young ages, and having shockable cardiac rhythm.
Author Disclosures: M. Kim: None. S. Shin: None. W. McClellan: None. B. McNally: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.