Abstract 13903: When an Octopus Acts Like a Chameleon: a Case of Takotsubo’s Cardiomyopathy with Concurrent Severe Coronary Disease
Introduction: Takotsubo’s cardiomyopathy, or stress induced cardiomyopathy, is characterized by transient wall-motion abnormalities involving the left ventricular apex and mid-ventricle in the absence of obstructive epicardial coronary disease. It is seen more commonly in post-menopausal women and is usually preceded by an acute medical illness or intense emotional or physical stress. While the Mayo Criteria for the classification of Takotsubo’s cardiomyopathy involves the absence of epicardial coronary disease, up to 10% of patients have been found to have concurrent significant coronary artery disease.
Conclusions: We present a case of a patient who presented with seizures and was found to have ST elevations, elevated cardiac enzymes and a new cardiomyopathy. While it was discovered that she had severe coronary disease of her LAD and RCA, the true nature of her cardiomyopathy and presentation was a stress-induced cardiomyopathy in the setting of seizure. The accuracy of this diagnosis affected the prognosis and treatment options for our patient. Cardiac MRI, and specifically the presence or absence of late gadolinium enhancement, helped differentiate the etiology of her cardiomyopathy. With the increasing prevalence of coronary disease, we will likely see more cases such as these in the future and should continue to evolve our definition and tools for the diagnosis of an increasing and interesting phenomenon.
Author Disclosures: T. Leo: None. J. Damp: None. L. Mendes: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.