Abstract 139: Music Saves Lives: A Randomized Prospective Trial on Manikin Training
Introduction: Some studies describe about the effectiveness of music during performing chest compressions. But they use the specific song such as “Stayin’ Alive” or “Nellie the Elephant”. But not all the people used to “Nellie the Elephant”, or one study points out some elderly people feel aversion against using “Stayin’ Alive”. In the previous occasion, we have reported the effectiveness of Music itself and the preferable rhythm and beat was 116 beat per minute (hereafter bpm) and 8 beats.
Hypothesis: We assessed the hypothesis that the Music itself (not specific song) will be effective to master recommended chest compressions.
Methods: This study followed a prospective design. The participants were seventy four newly hired nurses. Pre-training chest compression data of the participants were collected. The participants were randomly assigned into four groups, and took Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (hereafter CPR) training for ninety minutes with using different kinds of learning supports as follows: 1) The newly composed melody with 116 bpm and 8 beats (hereafter “New Melody”). 2) “Ob-la-di, Ob-la-da” by the Beatles which is 116 bpm and 8 beats (hereafter “Ob-la-di”). 3) Voice prompt and visual feedback device (hereafter “Feedback”). 4) Control. After the training, Post-training chest compression data of them were collected. Chest compressions were measured by CPR Evolution 01 (KISSEI COMTEC, Japan).
Results: Pre-training accuracy of chest compressions were 91.9% in rhythm, 51.5% in depth, 70.9% in recoil. With “New Melody” they were improved to 100%, 79.6%, and 83.7%. With “Ob-la-di” they were improved to 100%, 59.8%, and 84.6%. With “Feedback” they were improved to 99.8%, 91.3%, and 92.7%. And to collect data while listening “New Melody” they were improved to 100%, 82.9%, and 81.5%.
Conclusions: With this study, it was revealed the Melody with 116 bpm and 8 beats has power to master recommended chest compressions. To reveal the effectiveness of the Music itself for the retention of recommended chest compressions, further investigation will be needed.
Acknowledge: The new melody was composed by children at the Music Classroom of Children Kyoto.
Author Disclosures: Y. Yamahata: Research Grant; Significant; Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research by JSPS. B. Ohta: None. J. Irie: None. K. Takebe: None. M. Watanabe: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.