Abstract 13861: Trends in Utilization of Mechanical Circulatory Assist Devices in Patients Presenting with ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Despite significant controversy about the efficacy, mechanical circulatory support (MCS) is often utilized in patients with cardiogenic shock after ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to characterize the trends and outcomes following the use of MCS devices in patients presenting with STEMI.
Methods: We used the 2003-2011 US Nationwide Inpatient Sample for this study. All admissions with a principal diagnosis of STEMI were identified using standard ICD codes. MCS devices included intra aortic balloon pump or Impella and were identified using ICD procedure codes.
Results: Of a total of 372984 admissions with STEMI, we identified 35685 (9.3%) cases that required MCS. Over the study duration, there was a significant increase in the utilization of MCS from 7.6% in 2003 to 10.5% in 2011 (Panel A). This increase in the use of MCS was accompanied by a significant increase in the incidence of cardiogenic shock in the study population (Panel A). Despite an increase in the overall cardiogenic shock incidence, there was a significant increase in the relative utilization of MCS in cardiogenic shock (Panel B) during the study duration. Of all the cardiogenic shock cases, utilization of MCS increased from 48.6% in 2003 to 57.4% in 2009, followed by a small decline to 54.7% in 2011.
Among patients with cardiogenic shock, in-hospital mortality rate was 31.5% in patients with MCS as compared to 42.4% in those treated without MCS (p<0.001). Using multivariable hierarchical regression modeling, we found a significant reduction in adjusted in-hospital mortality with MCS, among patients with cardiogenic shock [OR (95% CI): 0.82 (0.77-0.88), p<0.001].
Conclusions: Over the last decade, there has been a significant increase in the utilization of MCS in patients with STEMI. In contrast to the results of the IABP trial, the use of MCS was associated with a significant reduction in in-hospital mortality in this real world nationwide experience.
Author Disclosures: S. Agarwal: None. V. Menon: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.