Abstract 138: Remote Ischemic Postconditioning Alleviates Postresuscitation Inflammatory Response and Pulmonary Edema in a Porcine Model of Cardiac Arrest
Introduction: Systemic ischemia-reperfusion injury produced by CA and resuscitation can result in severe post-cardiac arrest syndrome; which includes systemic inflammatory response and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome such as acute pulmonary edema. We previously demonstrated that remote ischemic post-conditioning (RIpostC) improved post-resuscitation myocardial and cerebral function in a rat model of CA. In this study, we investigated the effects of RIpostC on inflammatory response and pulmonary edema after CPR in a porcine model.
Hypothesis: RIpostC would alleviate post-resuscitation inflammatory response and pulmonary edema in a porcine model of CA.
Methods: Fourteen male domestic pigs weighing 37 ± 2 kg were utilized. Ventricular fibrillation was electrically induced and untreated for 10 mins. The animals were then randomized to receive RIpostC or control. Coincident with the start of CPR, RIpostC was induced by four cycles of 5 mins of limb ischemia and then 5 mins of reperfusion. Defibrillation was attempted after 5 mins of CPR. The resuscitated animals were monitored for 4 hrs and observed for an additional 68 hrs.
Results: Six of the seven animals in each group were successfully resuscitated. After resuscitation, significantly lower levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 were measured in the animals that received RIpostC when compared with the control group. Post-resuscitation extra-vascular lung water index was lower in the RIpostC group than in the control group; in which the differences were significant at 2,3 and 4 hrs (Table).
Conclusion: In a porcine model of CA, RIpostC significantly alleviates post-resuscitation inflammatory response and pulmonary edema.
Author Disclosures: J. Xu: None. S. Ye: None. Z. Li: None. M. Wang: None. Z. Wang: None. G. Chen: None. W. Tang: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.