Abstract 13793: Role of Cardiac Autoantibodies for the Prediction of Recurrence Following Cryoballoon-based Lone Atrial Fibrillation Ablation
Introduction: Recent evidence have suggested that autoantibodies may play an important role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Predictive value of pre-procedural autoantibodies against beta-1 adrenergic receptor (anti-β1-R) and M2-muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (anti-M2-R) for AF recurrence following cryoballoon-based pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is still unclear. We aimed to determine the predictive value of pre-procedural anti-β1-R and anti-M2-R levels for AF recurrence in lone AF patients following cryoballoon-based PVI.
METHODS: 80 patients (mean age 54.25±7.7 years; 40% males) with lone AF who underwent cryoballoon-based PVI were included in the study. Pre-procedural anti-M2-R and anti-β1-R levels were measured with ELISA.
RESULTS: At one-year follow-up after ablation, late AF recurrence was observed in 17 (21.25%) patients. In the Cox regression model including number of antiarrhythmic drugs, early AF recurrence, anti-β1-R levels >159.88 ng/mL, anti-M2-R levels >277.65 ng/mL, AF duration and left atrial volume index; only anti-β1-R levels >159.88 ng/mL (HR: 4.281, p=0.039) and anti-M2-R levels >277.65 ng/mL (HR: 4.313, p=0.030) were found to be independent predictors of late AF recurrence. Anti-β1-R level >159.88 ng/mL was shown to predict late AF recurrence with a sensitivity of 70.59% and specificity of 90.48%. A cut-off value of 277.65 ng/mL for anti-M2-R level predicted AF recurrence with a sensitivity of 70.59% and specificity of 95.24%.
CONCLUSION: Pre-procedural serum anti-β1-R and anti-M2-R levels are independent predictors of late AF recurrence following cryoballoon-based PVI in lone AF patients. Detection of pre-procedural anti-β1-R and anti-M2-R levels may serve as a novel method for determination of lone AF patients who may not benefit from cryoballoon-based PVI.
Author Disclosures: M.U. Yalcin: None. K.M. Gurses: None. D. Kocyigit: None. S.A. Kesikli: None. H. Yorgun: None. M.L. Sahiner: None. E.B. Kaya: None. D. Guc: None. M.A. Oto: None. N. Ozer: None. K. Aytemir: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.