Abstract 13697: Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Analogue Liraglutide Does Not Improve Microvascular Myocardial Function in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes - a Randomized, Single-blinded Cross Over Trial
Background: Impaired coronary microcirculation is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with type 2 diabetes. In the absence of stenosis of major coronary arteries, coronary flow reserve (CFR) reflects coronary microcirculation. Studies have shown beneficial effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on the cardiovascular system. The aim of the study was to explore the short-term effect of GLP-1 treatment on coronary microcirculation estimated by CFR in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: Twenty patients with type 2 diabetes and no history of coronary artery disease were treated with the GLP-1 analogue Liraglutide for 10 weeks, in a randomized single-blinded crossover setup. The effect of GLP-1 on coronary microcirculation was evaluated using non-invasive trans-thoracic Doppler-flow echocardiography during dipyridamole induced stress. Data were analysed as two-sample t-test after ensuring no carry over effect.
Results: A total of 20 patients (15 male; mean age 57 ± 9; mean BMI 33.1 ± 4.4, mean baseline CFR 2.35 ± 0.45) completed full protocol. There was a small increase in CFR following GLP-1 treatment (change 0.18, CI95% [-0.01; 0.36], p=0.06) but with no difference in effect compared with the no treatment group (0.16, CI95% [-0.08; 0.40], p=0.18). GLP-1 significantly reduced glycated haemoglobin (-10.1 mmol/mol CI95% [-13.9; -6.4], p=<0.001) systolic blood pressure (-10 mmHg CI95% [-17; -3], p=0.01) and weight (-1.9 kg CI95% [-3.6; -0.2], p=0.03).
Conclusion: Despite a significant weight-loss, reduction in HbA1c and systolic blood pressure, we did not find a significant improvement in coronary microcirculation after 10 weeks treatment with GLP-1. In our short-term treatment study, we therefore conclude that the GLP-1 analogue Liraglutide does not improve coronary microcirculation in patients with type 2 diabetes. Further long-term studies are needed to explore mechanisms to improve coronary microcirculation in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Author Disclosures: R. Faber: None. M. Zander: None. A.A. Pena: None. M.M. Michelsen: None. N.D. Mygind: None. E. Prescott: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.