Abstract 13342: Patient Demographics, Clinical Characteristics, Medication Utilization, Medical Resource Use and Outcomes Associated with Patients with Symptomatic Peripheral Artery Disease
Background: Symptomatic peripheral artery disease (SPAD) [defined as intermittent claudication (IC) and/or critical limb ischemia requiring peripheral revascularization (PRV)] is associated with significant CV and PAD-related morbidity and mortality. However, the real world impact of SPAD has not been well characterized to date.
Methods: An algorithm that selectively identifies SPAD patients using a combination of PAD related ICD-9 diagnostic and DRG codes, PRV CPT-4 procedure codes, and IC medication NDC codes was used to select study eligible patients from the MarketScan Commercial and Encounters database from 01/01/06 to 06/30/10. The earliest date of a record of SPAD was the index date and a period of 1 year pre- and 3 years post-index was the study time frame. Patients with stroke/TIA, with bleeding complications and contraindications to anti-platelet therapy were excluded. Descriptive statistics comparing patient demographics, clinical characteristics, medication utilization, medical resource utilization and outcomes (event risk estimates for MI, any stroke, revascularization (coronary and peripheral), limb amputation, acute ischemic event hospitalizations and costs) were generated.
Results: A total of 16,663 patients (58.0% male; mean age (± SD) 67.2 ± 12.9 years) were identified with SPAD. SPAD patients had significant comorbidities with 31.5% CAD, 36.0% diabetes, 31.0% hyperlipidemia and 53.1% hypertension. Twenty percent (20%) of SPAD patients were on clopidogrel in the pre-index. Pre-index use of beta-blocker, ACE, ARB and statin use was 42.1%, 37.1%, 21.1% and 48.5% respectively. SPAD patients experienced CV events such as any stroke (8.9%), NSTEMI (4.1%), STEMI (4.8%) and UA (7.5%) in the post-index. SPAD patients also experienced a limb amputation (11.5%), endovascular PRV (17%), and open PRV (14.6%) in the post-index. Annualized SPAD-related hospitalization rates, inpatient costs and outpatients costs were significantly higher in the post-index (0.1 vs 0.01, $2,073 vs $175, $1,313 vs $936; all p<0.0001).
Conclusion: In an insured population, SPAD patients have low utilization of preventive medications, high rates of major vascular events (both CV and PAD related) and high costs.
Author Disclosures: M. Reed Chase: Employment; Significant; Merck & Co. P. Navaratnam: Consultant/Advisory Board; Significant; Merck & Co. H. Friedman: Consultant/Advisory Board; Significant; Merck & Co. K. Heithoff: Employment; Significant; Merck & Co. R.J. Simpson, Jr.: Honoraria; Modest; Merck & Co.. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Merck & Co..
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.