Abstract 13291: Left Ventricular Assist Device Support is Associated with Sustained Cardiac CamKII Activation and Increased MEF2
Background: Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK)II has been implicated in impaired myocardial Ca2+ signaling and may play an important role in the development of heart failure (HF). The objective of this study was to characterize CAMKII signaling in patients with HF before and after prolonged left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support.
Methods: LV apex tissue pairs were collected in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (n=10) at LVAD implantation and explantation. Normal cardiac tissue was used as control (n=4). Total protein, as well as cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions, were analyzed by Western Blot analysis.
Results: The duration of LVAD support ranged from 48 to 595 days (mean = 271±54) with no patient exhibiting myocardial recovery. Total CamKIIδ levels in failing hearts were significantly higher than normal hearts and increased after LVAD, mainly due to an increase in cytoplasmic CaMKIIδC, which regulates Ca2+ handling (Table 1). Nuclear CaMKIIδB, which regulates Ca2+ gene transcription, did not change. Calmodulin remained increased in the nuclear and cytoplasmic fractions after LVAD. CaMKII autonomous, non-CaM-dependent activity, reflected by phosphorylation in Thr207, was increased pre- and post LVAD in cytoplasmic CaMKIIδC. The CaMKII-dependent myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) was increased pre- and significantly further post LVAD in the nucleus while decreased in the cytoplasm, suggesting translocation into the nucleus after LVAD support. Class IIa HDACs 4 and 5 interact with MEF2, resulting in repression of MEF2-dependent genes. Phosphorylated levels of HDAC4 and HDAC5 were increased pre- and post LVAD, which would result in activated MEF2.
Conclusions: This study shows for the first time an increase of the hypertrophic factor MEF2 associated with persistent activation of CamKIIδC after prolonged LVAD support, which may have implications for cardiac remodeling during mechanical support.
Author Disclosures: E. Castillero: None. R. Ji: None. X. Zhang: None. V. Choi: None. A. Mannan: None. M. Najjar: None. H. Yerebakan: None. R. Sorabella: None. C. Wang: None. Y. Naka: None. D.M. Mancini: None. H.L. Sweeney: None. P.C. Schulze: None. Z. Ali: None. I. George: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.