Abstract 13286: Non-Specific Intraventricular Conduction Delay and Risk of Sudden Death
Introduction: We and others have reported an independent association between prolonged QRS duration and risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the general population. Left and right bundle branch block have been studied previously, but there is little information regarding non-specific intraventricular conduction delay and risk of SCD.
Hypothesis: Completed conduction defects, including non-specific IVCD, are associated with increased SCD risk.
Methods: Sudden cardiac death cases and controls from an ongoing large population based study in the Northwestern US (2002 to 2010) were included if age ≥ 35 years with a non-paced 12-lead ECG (recorded prior and unrelated to SCD in cases). QRS morphology was subcategorized as normal, intermediate [left anterior fascicular block (LAFB), left posterior fascicular block (LPFB), and incomplete right or left bundle branch block (IRBBB/ILBBB)] or completed conduction defects [left bundle branch block (LBBB), right bundle branch block (RBBB), or nonspecific intraventricular conduction delay (IVCD)]. Comparisons were conducted using chi-square tests for categorical variables and independent samples t-tests for continuous variables. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of QRS morphology with SCD.
Results: We evaluated 761 SCD cases (64% male) and 539 controls (65% male). Cases were significantly older (69.7 vs 66.3 years, p<0.0001) with greater QRS duration (102 vs. 98 ms, p=0.001). For conduction categories, intermediate or completed conduction defects were significantly more common in cases whereas normal QRS morphology was more common among controls (p=0.01). And for specific morphology overall, QRS morphology patterns differed between cases and controls (p=0.03); abnormal QRS morphologies were more frequent in cases than controls except for LAFB. After adjustment for age and gender, however, only a finding of LBBB or non-specific IVCD remained a significant predictor of SCD [OR 1.34 (95% CI 1.03-1.75)].
Conclusions: LBBB and non-specific IVCD, but not RBBB, are significant predictors of SCD in the general population. These findings contribute to the utility of the 12-lead EKG for SCD risk stratification.
Author Disclosures: A. Uy-Evanado: None. C. Teodorescu: None. K. Reinier: None. K. Narayanan: None. H. Chugh: None. K. Gunson: None. J. Jui: None. S.S. Chugh: Employment; Significant; NIH. Research Grant; Significant; NIH. Other; Significant; Boston Scientific and Medtronic.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.