Abstract 13242: Insulin Treated Patients With Diabetes Derive Reduction in Mortality From Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy - Results From the Madit-Crt in Trial Experience
Methods: We aimed to analyze the risk for death and HF and the effect of CRT on HF/death in diabetic patients with or without insulin treatment compared to none diabetic population. The study comprised 1278 patients with left bundle branch block in the MADIT-CRT trial with an average follow-up of 3.3y. We used time dependent survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression method.
Results: In ICD arm patients with diabetes receiving insulin treatment had 2.4-fold higher risk of all-cause mortality (p=0.008), and 2.2-fold higher risk of HF (p<0.001) when compared to non diabetic patients, and 2.8-fold higher risk of death (p=0.01), and 1.6-fold higher risk of HF (p=0.06) when compared to patients with diabetes not treated with insulin. Treatment with CRT-D was associated with a significant 75% risk reduction in all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR ] 0.25; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.08-0.77; p=0.016) in patients with diabetes receiving insulin. Noteworthy, during the 3-year follow-up, reduction in all-cause mortality was not observed in patients not treated with insulin or in patients with no diabetes (interaction p-value=0.038). Significant risk reduction in HF and in HF/death after CRT treatment was observed across all three investigated groups. There were not significant differences in left ventricular reverse remodeling after CRT-D among diabetic patients with or without insulin treatment compared to the nondiabetic population.
Conclusions: Patients with insulin treated diabetes derive significant reduction in mortality and heart failure after implantation of cardiac resynchronization therapy. Patients with diabetes and no insulin and patient without diabetes benefit from CRT by reduction of HF events.
Author Disclosures: B. Szepietowska: None. V. Kutyifa: Research Grant; Significant; Boston Scientific, Zoll. M.H. Ruwald: None. S.D. Solomon: None. A.H. Ruwald: None. S. McNitt: None. S. Polonsky: None. A. Moss: Research Grant; Significant; Boston Scientific. W. Zareba: Research Grant; Significant; Boston Scientific.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.