Abstract 13003: Efficacy of Cilostazol on Platelet Reactivity and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From a Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials
Introduction: Cilostazol overcomes high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) and reduce adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the role for triple antiplatelet therapy (TAPT) with cilostazol in addition to aspirin and clopidogrel after PCI is not well defined.
Methods: We conducted a MEDLINE/EMBASE/CENTRAL search for randomized trials, until May 2014, evaluating TAPT compared with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) of aspirin and clopidogrel alone in patients undergoing PCI and reporting platelet reactivity and/or CV outcomes. The primary platelet reactivity outcome was differences in platelet reactivity unit (PRU) with secondary outcomes of %platelet inhibition and rate of HTPR. The primary CV outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), with secondary outcomes of death, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis (ST), target lesion revascularization (TLR), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) as well as safety outcomes of bleeding and drug discontinuations.
Results: In 17 trials that evaluated platelet reactivity outcomes, the mean PRU value was 47.73units lower with TAPT vs. DAPT (95% CI -61.41 to -34.04, P <0.0001; mean PRU 182.90 vs. 232.65). TAPT also reduced platelet inhibition by 12.71% (95% CI 10.76-14.67, P <0.0001), and led to a 60% reduction in the risk of HTPR (RR=0.40; 95% CI 0.30-0.53) compared with DAPT. Moreover, among the 34 trials that evaluated CV outcomes, TAPT reduced the risk of MACE (IRR=0.68; 95% CI 0.60-0.78), TLR (IRR=0.57; 95% CI 0.44-0.73), TVR (IRR=0.69; 95% CI 0.59-0.81) and stent thrombosis (IRR=0.63; 95% CI 0.40-0.98) with no difference for other outcomes including bleeding, even in trials using drug eluting stents. Drug discontinuation
due to adverse effects was however higher with TAPT vs. DAPT (IRR=1.59; 95% CI 1.32-1.91).
Conclusions: In patients undergoing PCI, addition of cilostazol to dual antiplatelet therapy results in decreased platelet reactivity and a significant reduction in CV outcomes including stent thrombosis, even in the drug eluting stent era.
Author Disclosures: B. Toklu: None. A. Singh: None. F. Feit: None. S. Bangalore: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Boehringer Ingelheim, Daiichi Sankyo, Unique Pharma, Abbott, Abbott Vascular, Pfizer.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.