Abstract 12954: Impairment of the Compensatory Natriuretic Peptide Response to Myocardial Infarction in the Aged is Associated With Adverse Cardiorenal Repair and Heart Failure
Introduction: The incidence of post-myocardial infarction (MI) heart failure (HF) is increasing in the elderly. Studies have demonstrated that B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) mediates critical cardiorenal compensatory and protective actions through guanylyl cyclase receptor A and cGMP activation. Such actions include natriuresis, diuresis and suppression of adverse cardiorenal remodelling.
Hypothesis: While the mechanism of this increased risk may be multifactorial, we hypothesized that an impairment of the compensatory protective BNP/cGMP axis in both the aged kidney and heart contributes to post-MI HF.
Methods:20 month old Fischer rats were randomized into two groups: Sham-operated (S) and MI(produced by left coronary artery ligation). Cardiorenal structure and function were assessed at 4 weeks and included mean arterial pressure(MAP), LV EF, LV chamber dimension, proteinuria, sodium (Na) excretion and fibrosis by picrosirius red staining. Plasma BNP and cGMP levels were assessed by RIA. Data presented as mean±SE,*P<0.05.
Results: LV EF (S:78±2, MI:46±3 %*) was significantly reduced in aged MI rats, despite no difference in LV fibrosis in the remote region and no change in MAP compared to aged sham rats. Post-MI HF was evident and characterized by a significant reduction in Na excretion (S:0.20±0.03, MI:0.13±0.01 mEq/day*) as well as significant increases in LV dilatation (S:7.2±0.1, MI:8.3±0.2 mm*) and cardiac hypertrophy (S:2.78±0.06, MI:3.25±0.16 mg/g*) in aged MI rats. Notably, plasma BNP (S:9±1, MI:11±2 pg/ml) failed to increase and plasma cGMP (S:44±6, MI:27±3 mm*) was significantly reduced in the MI group. Importantly, MI in the aged rat resulted in a significant loss in total renal mass (S:2739±83, MI:2351±68 mg*), consistent with renal atrophy, while no changes in proteinuria or renal fibrosis were observed.
Conclusions: Post-MI dysfunction of the protective BNP/cGMP axis in the aged rat was associated with various cardiorenal abnormalities including renal atrophy, which may contribute to the pathophysiology of HF. This pre-clinical model provides new insights into post-MI HF and may be used to examine therapeutic strategies using natriuretic peptides to protect the heart and kidney in the elderly post-MI population.
Author Disclosures: S.J. Sangaralingham: None. T. Ichiki: None. G.E. Harders: None. H.H. Chen: None. J.C. Burnett: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.