Abstract 12762: Clinical Characteristics and Determinants of Non-Eligibility for Reperfusion in Patients With ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Insights From the NCDR®
Background: There is little recent data describing the characteristics and outcomes of STEMI patients who do not undergo urgent reperfusion.
Methods: Using the ACTION Registry®-GWTG™ database, we examined 232,208 STEMI patients presenting January 2007 through December 2013 at 793 U.S. centers. The cohort was divided into those who underwent reperfusion (n=194,916; 84%), had documented contraindication to reperfusion (n=31,518; 13.5%) and were eligible but not reperfused (n=5,774; 2.5%). Clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes were compared between these groups.
Results: Compared with those reperfused, patients not reperfused were older, more often female and had higher rates of hypertension, diabetes, MI, stroke and atrial fibrillation. LBBB and CHF were more common in the non-reperfused groups upon presentation. The major documented contraindications to reperfusion were unsuitable anatomy for primary PCI (31%), symptoms onset > 12 hours (9%), patient/family refusal/DNR status (6%), resolved chest pain (6%) and ST elevation (5%) presentation to non-PCI centers (4%). Three-vessel disease and in-hospital CABG were more common in non-reperfused patients with and without contraindication compared with those receiving reperfusion (39 & 37% vs. 26%, p<0.001) and (17 & 17% vs. 3%, p<0.001 respectively). In-hospital outcomes are summarized in the table.
Conclusion: Most STEMI patients who were not reperfused had a documented contraindication. Unsuitable anatomy for PCI was the major contributor to ineligibility. In hospital mortality, death/MI and cardiogenic shock were higher in the non-reperfused groups.
Author Disclosures: T.W. Dasari: None. S. Hamilton: None. A.Y. Chen: None. T.Y. Wang: None. J.A. de Lemos: None. E. Peterson: None. J.F. Saucedo: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.