Abstract 12651: Atrium Fibrosis and Inflammation: Impaired Atrial Natriuretic Peptide System in Experimental Heart Failure
Introduction: The cardiac atrium is an important endocrine organ which also releases natriuretic peptides (NPs). We reported that dysregulation of the proNP convertases, furin and corin, may disrupt NP progressing, causing atrial fibrosis in experimental heart failure (HF). Atrial fibrosis results in atrial arrhythmias and impairs the prognosis of human HF, therefore understanding mechanisms of atrial fibrosis may help in designing treatment strategies for HF. We sought to extend our studies into the entire NP system and global gene profiles including fibrotic and inflammatory pathways in experimental HF.
Hypothesis: Components of the NP, pro-fibrotic and inflammatory system will be up-regulated in the atrium in HF.
Methods: Experimental canine HF was induced by rapid right ventricular pacing at 240 bpm for 10 days. We examined hemodynamics, echo parameters, circulating neurohumoral factors, and global gene profiles using RT-PCR microarrays related to the NP system, fibrosis, growth factors, inflammation and cardiac hypertrophy in left atrium (LA) from normal and HF canines (n=4 of each).
Results: Experimental HF was characterized by decreased % EF and LV radial strain, and increased circulating ANP, cGMP and aldosterone levels. HF LA weight significantly increased with fibrosis and interstitial edema compared to normals. Gene profile analyses showed increases in profibrotic cytokines and extracellular matrix related genes in LA. Increased ANP expression but also increased ANP degrading enzyme IDE and decreased proANP processing enzyme corin were also observed. Genes related to inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, members of the IL-6 family, MCP-1, and cell adhesion molecules were up-regulated in LA compared to normals.
Conclusions: Experimental HF was characterized by on-going atrial fibrosis with increased circulating ANP levels. Although ANP gene expression increased in failing LA, impaired proANP processing and accelerated ANP degradation may impair any anti-fibrotic ANP effects. Further, atrium may be a source of inflammatory cytokines and pro-fibrotic growth factors which may advance organ damage in HF. Our studies suggest NP treatment, perhaps in a form less susceptible to IDE degradation, may be a novel therapeutic for HF.
Author Disclosures: T. Ichiki: None. B.K. Huntley: None. S. Sangaralingham: None. G.J. Harty: None. J.C. Burnett: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.